University of Oulu

Keinänen, A‐L, Mikkonen, K, Lähdesmäki, R, Kääriäinen, M. The dental healthcare professionals’ competence in mentoring students in the clinical practice. Eur J Dent Educ. 2021; 25: 385– 396. https://doi.org/10.1111/eje.12615

The dental healthcare professionals’ competence in mentoring students in the clinical practice

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Author: Keinänen, Anna-Leena1,2; Mikkonen, Kristina1; Lähdesmäki, Raija3;
Organizations: 1Research Unit of Nursing Science and Health Management, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2Degree Programme in Dental Hygienist, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
3Faculty of Medicine, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
4Medical Research Center Oulu, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
5The Finnish Centre for Evidence-Based Health Care: A Joanna Briggs Institute Centre of Excellence, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: embargoed
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2021042713042
Language: English
Published: John Wiley & Sons, 2021
Publish Date: 2021-10-15
Description:

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate dentists’, dental hygienists’ and dental assistants’ competence in mentoring students and to identify distinct mentor profiles.

Methods: The study employed a cross‐sectional design. Data were collected using the Mentors’ Competence Instrument (MCI), which includes 45 items structured under seven mentoring competence sub‐dimensions. The data were collected during autumn 2017 from dentists, dental hygienists and dental assistants working in the Finnish primary healthcare (n = 1097) using a paper survey, whilst dentists (n = 26) who have completed mentoring education in one university completed an electronic questionnaire. Cases with more than 5% missing data (n = 164) were listwise deleted, whilst the remaining data (n = 933) underwent analysis. K‐mean clustering was used to identify significantly different mentor profiles, whilst comparisons of mentoring competence between the identified profiles were performed with Kruskal‐Wallis and Mann‐Whitney tests.

Results: Three distinct mentor profiles (A, B and C) that differed in the level of mentoring competence were identified. The participants in profile A encompassed mostly dental assistants, profile B included mostly dental assistants and dentists, and profile C mainly comprised dentists and dental assistants. Profiles A, B and C differed significantly in terms of education, job title, role of mentor and participation in mentoring education. The largest difference in competence was observed between participants of profiles A and C. Each profile differed significantly from the other two across all seven competence areas. Most of the participants had not previously received any mentoring education.

Conclusions: There is room for improvement in the competence of dentistry student mentors, especially regarding knowledge of effective mentoring practices, goal‐oriented mentoring, mentor characteristics and motivation for mentoring. Every mentor that works with oral healthcare students should receive mentoring training.

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Series: European journal of dental education
ISSN: 1396-5883
ISSN-E: 1600-0579
ISSN-L: 1396-5883
Volume: 25
Issue: 2
Pages: 385 - 396
DOI: 10.1111/eje.12615
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.1111/eje.12615
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 316 Nursing
Subjects:
Copyright information: © 2020 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Keinänen, A‐L, Mikkonen, K, Lähdesmäki, R, Kääriäinen, M. The dental healthcare professionals’ competence in mentoring students in the clinical practice. Eur J Dent Educ. 2021; 25: 385– 396, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/eje.12615. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving