University of Oulu

Karaharju‐Suvanto, T, Choroszewicz, M, Näpänkangas, R, Suominen, AL, Tolvanen, M, Koivumäki, J. The reproduction of gender differences in early career choices and professional identity of young dentist in Finland. Eur J Dent Educ. 2020; 00: 1– 9. https://doi.org/10.1111/eje.12620

The reproduction of gender differences in early career choices and professional identity of young dentist in Finland

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Author: Karaharju-Suvanto, Terhi1,2; Choroszewicz, Marta3; Näpänkangas, Ritva4,5;
Organizations: 1University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
2Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
3Department of Social Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland
4Research Unit of Oral Health Sciences, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
5Medical Research Center, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
6Institute of Dentistry, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland
7Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland
8Institute of Dentistry, University of Turku, Turku, Finland
9Finnish Dental Association, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: embargoed
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2021042820738
Language: English
Published: John Wiley & Sons, 2021
Publish Date: 2021-11-13
Description:

Abstract

Introduction: For over the last 20 years, approximately 70% of working dentists in Finland have been women. However, there is internal division of the profession along gender lines. Female dentists work more often in the public sector and male dentists in the private sector. The aim of this study was to investigate the gender differences in young dentists’ early career choices, specialization plans, values and perceptions of professional identity.

Materials and methods: The data were taken from a national e‐mail questionnaire study called “Young Dentist,” which was sent to 458 dentists who had received their licence to practise dentistry in 2014‐2016 from all four universities with dental curricula in Finland. A total of 52% young dentists (n = 238) answered the questionnaire.

Results and discussion: The results indicated that whereas female dentists were more likely to perceive themselves as comforters, social workers and health promoters, male dentists tended to perceive themselves as technicians. These professional identities were interrelated with early‐stage career choices in which female dentists worked more often in the public than in the private sector when compared to male dentists. There were also clear gender differences in the importance of values and the specialization plans of the young dentists.

Conclusion: Young dentists in Finland make career choices and develop professional identity in accordance with the attributes traditionally associated with cultural ideals related to femininity and masculinity.

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Series: European journal of dental education
ISSN: 1396-5883
ISSN-E: 1600-0579
ISSN-L: 1396-5883
Volume: In press
DOI: 10.1111/eje.12620
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.1111/eje.12620
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 313 Dentistry
Subjects:
Copyright information: © 2020 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Karaharju‐Suvanto, T, Choroszewicz, M, Näpänkangas, R, Suominen, AL, Tolvanen, M, Koivumäki, J. The reproduction of gender differences in early career choices and professional identity of young dentist in Finland. Eur J Dent Educ. 2020; 00: 1– 9, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/eje.12620. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.