University of Oulu

Lijuan Wang & Elina Lehtomäki (2021) Bilingual education and beyond: how school settings shape the Chinese Yi minority’s socio-cultural attachments, International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, DOI: 10.1080/13670050.2021.1905602

Bilingual education and beyond : how school settings shape the Chinese Yi minority’s socio-cultural attachments

Saved in:
Author: Wang, Lijuan1; Lehtomäki, Elina1
Organizations: 1Faculty of Education, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.4 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Informa, 2021
Publish Date: 2021-04-30


Bilingual education policy in Liangshan, China, has been implemented since the end of the 1970s using two bilingual school models. This study examines how mainstream and bilingual education are correlated with the Yi population’s social attachment to the larger social system, and their cultural attachment to ethnocultural maintenance. The student-reported survey data collected from ten junior high schools in Liangshan were analysed using a multinomial logistic regression model that produced three findings. Firstly, family socioeconomic status is determinant in the Yi minority’s school setting choices. Secondly, school settings are significantly associated with Yi students’ educational achievements and occupational expectations. Lastly, Yi minority’s cultural attachments to their mother tongue has become significantly reduced among those attending Chinese-only schools, yet no significant discrepancy has been noted among students attending schools with two models of bilingual education.

see all

Series: International journal of bilingual education and bilingualism
ISSN: 1367-0050
ISSN-E: 1747-7522
ISSN-L: 1367-0050
Volume: Latest Articles
DOI: 10.1080/13670050.2021.1905602
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 516 Educational sciences
6121 Languages
Copyright information: © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.