University of Oulu

Simo Sarkki, Sirpa Rasmus, Mia Landauer, Élise Lépy & Hannu I. Heikkinen (2021) Matching societal knowledge demand, research funding and scientific knowledge supply: trends and co-creation dynamics around reindeer management in Finland, Polar Geography, 44:2, 90-111, DOI: 10.1080/1088937X.2020.1755905

Matching societal knowledge demand, research funding and scientific knowledge supply : trends and co-creation dynamics around reindeer management in Finland

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Author: Sarkki, Simo1,2; Rasmus, Sirpa3; Landauer, Mia3,4;
Organizations: 1Cultural Anthropology, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2Vaartoe–Centre for Sami Research, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden
3Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, Rovaniemi, Finland
4International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 2.8 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Informa, 2020
Publish Date: 2021-05-03


Matching knowledge Demand, research Funding and knowledge Supply (DFS) is important in order to enhance societally and policy relevant research, target funding appropriately and enhance the connectivity between science, policy and society. The DFS field around reindeer management in Finland offers a fertile case study to examine interconnected and complex trends as well as the relations between herders’ and policymakers’ knowledge demand, ministerial funding and independent supply of knowledge by science. We identify matches and mismatches between the DFS in a case study of reindeer management in Finland across ten inductively identified themes and in time scales of 2000–2009 and 2010–2018. The main finding was that, during the latter period, the DFS matched significantly better than in the earlier period. In order to explain this, we identify and discuss five alternative and legitimate co-creation dynamics that explain how the DFS is organizing around the reindeer management in Finland. The five dynamics represent variations in the co-creation approach, fit to varying situations, which can inform of alternative ways to better match the DFS around reindeer management, and they are also applicable in other contexts.

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Series: Polar geography
ISSN: 1088-937X
ISSN-E: 1939-0513
ISSN-L: 1088-937X
Volume: 44
Issue: 2
Pages: 90 - 111
DOI: 10.1080/1088937X.2020.1755905
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 520 Other social sciences
616 Other humanities
Funding: This paper was supported by Nordforsk under two of its Nordic Centres of Excellence: Resource Extraction and Sustainable Arctic Communities (REXSAC: project number 76938) and Reindeer husbandry in Globalizing North – resilience adaptations and pathways for actions (ReiGN: project number 76915) as well as by the University of Oulu under the Transformation and Social Innovation for Sustainable Arctic Communities (TransArct) project.
Copyright information: © 2020 The Author(s). Published with license by Taylor and Francis Group, LLC. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.