University of Oulu

Maija Pienimäki, Marianne Kinnula, Netta Iivari, Finding fun in non-formal technology education, International Journal of Child-Computer Interaction, Volume 29, 2021, 100283, ISSN 2212-8689,

Finding fun in non-formal technology education

Saved in:
Author: Pienimäki, Maija1; Kinnula, Marianne1; Iivari, Netta1
Organizations: 1INTERACT Research Unit, University of Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.8 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2021
Publish Date: 2021-05-04


In this exploratory study into the world of 8–17-year-old children’s non-formal technology education, two different types of technology education with varying levels of non-formality were investigated to see how participants find fun in these situations as it is apparent that if something is non-mandatory to attend to, there should be some type of enjoyment found in the process. The results of the analysis suggest that there are three main ways children and teenagers have fun in non-formal education: fun from the tasks they are doing, social fun by sharing with other attendants, and pedagogical fun that has been embedded in the learning process. Based on our findings, we offer suggestions for how to add elements of fun in the non-formal technology education, to make it more motivating and enjoyable to the participants.

see all

Series: International journal of child-computer interaction
ISSN: 2212-8689
ISSN-E: 2212-8697
ISSN-L: 2212-8689
Volume: 29
Article number: 100283
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcci.2021.100283
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 113 Computer and information sciences
516 Educational sciences
Funding: This research is connected to the GenZ project, a strategic profiling project in human sciences at the University of Oulu. The project is supported by the Academy of Finland (grant agreements No. 318930 and No. 324685, Make-A-Difference) and the University of Oulu. This research was additionally funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme (grant agreement No. 787476, COMnPLAY SCIENCE).
EU Grant Number: (787476) CoM_n_Play-Science - Learning science the fun and creative way: coding, making, and play as vehicles for informal science learning in the 21st century
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 318930
Detailed Information: 318930 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
324685 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (