University of Oulu

Elina Penttilä, Samuli Hannula, Jura Numminen, Heikki Irjala, Tuomas Selander, Piitu Parmanne & Antti Mäkitie (2020) Employment status of young otorhinolaryngologists in Finland during a 10-year period, International Journal of Circumpolar Health, 79:1, DOI: 10.1080/22423982.2020.1715710

Employment status of young otorhinolaryngologists in Finland during a 10-year period

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Author: Penttilä, Elina1; Hannula, Samuli2,3,4; Numminen, Jura5;
Organizations: 1Department of Otorhinolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, Kuopio University Hospital and University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland
2Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
3PEDEGO Research Unit, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
4Medical Research Center Oulu, Oulu, Finland
5Department of Otorhinolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences, University of Tampere and Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland
6Department of Otorhinolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, Turku University Hospital and University of Turku, Turku, Finland
7Science Service Center, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland
8Political Science, Finnish Medical Association, Helsinki, Finland
9Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, University of Helsink iand Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
10Research Program in Systems Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
11Division of Ear, Nose and Throat Diseases, Department of Clinical Sciences, Intervention and Technology, Karolinska Institutet and Karolinska Hospital,Stockholm, Sweden
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.3 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Informa, 2020
Publish Date: 2021-05-04


We determined the employment status of recently graduated otorhinolaryngologist-head and neck surgeons (ENT doctors) in Finland during the past 10 years. We also investigated the job vacancy rate of the Departments of Otorhinolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery (Department of ORL-HNS). An electronic questionnaire was sent to all ENT doctors who had graduated during 2007–2017 and to chief physicians of all Departments of ORL-HNS. Chi-square and Fisher’s test were used in the analyses. Altogether 129 ENT doctors had graduated and 125 (96.9%) responded. Thirty (24%) physicians had been employed in a position that did not correspond to their ENT doctor training. All 30 chief physicians responded and a total of 306 physicians were working at their departments (215 ENT doctors, 91 residents). However, there were only 241 available positions (197 for ENT doctors, 44 for residents). It was estimated that 65 ENT doctors would retire within 10 years. At the moment there does not seem to be a significant shortage of ENT doctors in Finland. The current national volume of resident intake in the ENT training programme is twofold in comparison with the estimated retirement rate in the public sector.

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Series: International journal of circumpolar health
ISSN: 1239-9736
ISSN-E: 2242-3982
ISSN-L: 1239-9736
Volume: 79
Issue: 1
Article number: 1715710
DOI: 10.1080/22423982.2020.1715710
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 3125 Otorhinolaryngology, ophthalmology
Funding: This study was performed and supported by the Board of the Finnish Association of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery.
Copyright information: © 2020 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License (, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.