University of Oulu

Iqra Sadaf Khan, Muhammad Ovais Ahmad, Jukka Majava, Industry 4.0 and sustainable development: A systematic mapping of triple bottom line, Circular Economy and Sustainable Business Models perspectives, Journal of Cleaner Production, Volume 297, 2021, 126655, ISSN 0959-6526,

Industry 4.0 and sustainable development : a systematic mapping of triple bottom line, circular economy and sustainable business models perspectives

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Author: Khan, Iqra Sadaf1; Ahmad, Muhammad Ovais2; Majava, Jukka1
Organizations: 1Industrial Engineering and Management, Faculty of Technology, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 4610, 90014, University of Oulu, Finland
2Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Karlstad University, Sweden
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.4 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2021
Publish Date: 2021-05-10


Industry 4.0 has been identified as a major contributor to the era of digitalisation. Its implications for sustainable development have gained widespread attention from the perspectives of the triple bottom line, sustainable business models and circular economy. The purpose of this paper is to map the broad field of sustainable development and investigate the key research areas which comprises the aforementioned perspectives under Industry 4.0 framework. A systematic mapping review was conducted by searching five databases for relevant literature published between January 1, 2012 and April 17, 2020. The search yielded 4291 papers of which 81 were identified as primary papers relevant to the research herein. The primary findings are that the majority of sustainability research focuses on conceptual analysis, and the Internet of Things is dominantly cited with an emphasis on achieving the triple bottom line benefits. Sustainable development in the Industry 4.0 context contributes to circular economic objectives by achieving social, economic, and environmental benefits. Triple bottom line studies mainly focus on Industry 4.0 adoption and implementation, sustainable supply chains, smart and sustainable cities, and smart factories. Circular economy and sustainable business models as emerging research themes that focus on Industry 4.0 adoption and implementation, as well as sustainable supply chains. Our analysis consolidates emerging research patterns areas in both the Industry 4.0 and sustainability literature. Furthermore, it identifies salient research gaps and suggests future research.

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Series: Journal of cleaner production
ISSN: 0959-6526
ISSN-E: 1879-1786
ISSN-L: 0959-6526
Volume: 297
Article number: 126655
DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.126655
Type of Publication: A2 Review article in a scientific journal
Field of Science: 222 Other engineering and technologies
Copyright information: © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (