University of Oulu

Leena Ventä-Olkkonen, Marianne Kinnula, Heidi Hartikainen, and Netta Iivari. 2020. Embedded assumptions in design and Making projects with children. In 32nd Australian Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (OzCHI '20). Association for Computing Machinery, New York, NY, USA, 178–188. DOI:

Embedded assumptions in design and making projects with children

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Author: Ventä-Olkkonen, Leena1; Kinnula, Marianne1; Hartikainen, Heidi1;
Organizations: 1Interact research unit, University of Oulu
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 2.3 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Association for Computing Machinery, 2021
Publish Date: 2021-05-11


Previous literature highlights the importance of teaching children design and Making skills. However, there are fundamental differences in projects engaging children in design and Making, concerning the objects and motives of design. They vary depending on whether one emphasizes participatory design, user centered design, Making philosophy or entrepreneurship education, among others. In the first two, the emphasis is on the appreciation and engagement with the user, who is seen as separable from the designer. The third one often starts with solving one’s own problems while the fourth one prioritizes the customer. In this paper, we analyze the existing literature and three of our own design and Making projects with children. We reveal diversity in the projects reported in the literature and challenges among children in our projects in understanding the design goals and practices, particularly relating to designing for oneself versus designing for others. We propose a categorization for mapping and managing this diversity.

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ISBN Print: 978-1-4503-8975-4
Pages: 178 - 188
DOI: 10.1145/3441000.3441077
Host publication: 32nd Australian Computer-Human Interaction Conference, OzCHI 2020
Host publication editor: Ahmadpour, N.
Leong, T.
Ploderer, B.
Parker, C.
Webber, S.
Munoz, D.
Loke, L.
Tomitsch, M.
Conference: Australian Computer-Human Interaction Conference
Type of Publication: A4 Article in conference proceedings
Field of Science: 113 Computer and information sciences
Funding: This study was funded by Finnish cultural foundation, North Ostrobothnia regional foundation.
Copyright information: © The Authors 2021. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution International 4.0 License.