University of Oulu

Pirttilä, A.M.; Mohammad Parast Tabas, H.; Baruah, N.; Koskimäki, J.J. Biofertilizers and Biocontrol Agents for Agriculture: How to Identify and Develop New Potent Microbial Strains and Traits. Microorganisms 2021, 9, 817. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9040817

Biofertilizers and biocontrol agents for agriculture : how to identify and develop new potent microbial strains and traits

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Author: Pirttilä, Anna Maria1; Tabas, Habibollah Mohammad Parast1; Baruah, Namrata1;
Organizations: 1Ecology and Genetics, University of Oulu, FIN-90014 Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 12.9 MB)
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2021051730086
Language: English
Published: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2021
Publish Date: 2021-05-17
Description:

Abstract

Microbiological tools, biofertilizers, and biocontrol agents, which are bacteria and fungi capable of providing beneficial outcomes in crop plant growth and health, have been developed for several decades. Currently we have a selection of strains available as products for agriculture, predominantly based on plant-growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR), soil, epiphytic, and mycorrhizal fungi, each having specific challenges in their production and use, with the main one being inconsistency of field performance. With the growing global concern about pollution, greenhouse gas accumulation, and increased need for plant-based foods, the demand for biofertilizers and biocontrol agents is expected to grow. What are the prospects of finding solutions to the challenges on existing tools? The inconsistent field performance could be overcome by using combinations of several different types of microbial strains, consisting various members of the full plant microbiome. However, a thorough understanding of each microbiological tool, microbial communities, and their mechanisms of action must precede the product development. In this review, we offer a brief overview of the available tools and consider various techniques and approaches that can produce information on new beneficial traits in biofertilizer and biocontrol strains. We also discuss innovative ideas on how and where to identify efficient new members for the biofertilizer and biocontrol strain family.

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Series: Microorganisms
ISSN: 2076-2607
ISSN-E: 2076-2607
ISSN-L: 2076-2607
Volume: 9
Issue: 4
Article number: 817
DOI: 10.3390/microorganisms9040817
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9040817
Type of Publication: A2 Review article in a scientific journal
Field of Science: 1183 Plant biology, microbiology, virology
Subjects:
Funding: This research was funded by Academy of Finland, grant number 308766 to N.B., J.J.K.
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 308766
Detailed Information: 308766 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
  https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/