University of Oulu

Keränen, A., Karki, S., Anttonen, V. et al. Validating a short form of the Parental-Caregivers Perceptions Questionnaire (P-CPQ) and the Family Impact Scale (FIS) in Finnish language. Eur Arch Paediatr Dent 22, 561–566 (2021).

Validating a short form of the Parental-Caregivers Perceptions Questionnaire (P-CPQ) and the Family Impact Scale (FIS) in Finnish language

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Author: Keränen, A.1; Karki, S.1; Anttonen, V.1,2;
Organizations: 1Research Unit of Oral Health Sciences, University of Oulu, Aapistie 3, POB 5281, 90220, Oulu, Finland
2Medical Research Centre Oulu, Oulu University Hospital and University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.5 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Springer Nature, 2021
Publish Date: 2021-05-21


Aim: This study aimed to adapt the short-form versions of the Parental-Caregivers Perceptions Questionnaire (P-CPQ), and the Family Impact Scale (FIS) in the Finnish language and to test its validity and reliability. Another aim was to compare the background factors of parents with respect to P-CPQ and FIS outcomes.

Methods: This study was conducted among a convenient sample of parents who visited the public dental clinic in Sievi, Finland, from May to October 2016. A total of 54 parents of 2–8-year-old children completed the short-form of the P-CPQ questionnaire and 50 parents of 2–8-year-olds completed the FIS questionnaire while visiting for their children’s routine dental check-up. Parents completed the self-administered P-CPQ and FIS questionnaires. Reliability and validity of the short-form of the P-CPQ and FIS were assessed. Differences between gender, and family size were evaluated using the Mann–Whitney U test and the differences between age groups were evaluated using the Kruskal–Wallis one-way ANOVA test.

Results: The Finnish versions of both the short forms of the P-CPQ and FIS had alpha values within the acceptable range. The scales also showed good construct validity. Toddlers (2–4-year olds) had the highest scores for both the P-CPQ and FIS-8 subscales. Likewise, families with 5 or more children had high FIS scores.

Conclusion: The short form of the P-CPQ and FIS in Finnish language are valid and reliable. The oral health of the child seems to have the greatest family impact among parents with five or more children and in families with 2–4-year olds.

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Series: European archives of paediatric dentistry
ISSN: 1818-6300
ISSN-E: 1996-9805
ISSN-L: 1818-6300
Volume: 22
Pages: 561 - 566
DOI: 10.1007/s40368-020-00590-2
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 313 Dentistry
Funding: Open access funding provided by University of Oulu including Oulu University Hospital.
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