University of Oulu

Seitsonen, Oula (2020) Ruttoa ylätunturissa? : saamelaisten poronhoitokohteiden ajoittuminen Enontekiön Yliperällä. SKAS 2/2020, 2-20.

Ruttoa ylätunturissa? : saamelaisten poronhoitokohteiden ajoittuminen Enontekiön Yliperällä

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Author: Seitsonen, Oula1
Organizations: 1Oulun yliopisto, PL 8000, 90014 Oulun yliopisto
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 7.7 MB)
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2021061437047
Language: Finnish
Published: Suomen keskiajan arkeologian seura, 2020
Publish Date: 2021-06-14
Description:

Abstract

Plague in the high fjelds? : Dating of the Sámi reindeer herding sites at Enontekiö Yliperä

This paper presents new radiocarbon dates from the high fell region of Enontekiö Yliperä in the transnational Sápmi, the homeland of Europe’s only indigenous people Sámi. 50 new dating samples were collected from archaeological sites related to the development of reindeer domestication and herding. Based on the radiocarbon ages, it appears that small-scale reindeer herding in a hunterherder society commenced in this area by the turn of the 10th–11th century AD, and developed into mobile nomadic pastoralism by the 15th–16th century AD. There is a notable gap in the local radiocarbon chronology in the 14th century, analogous that of the neighboring inner Troms in Norway. This hiatus mirrors ostensibly the tipping point between a hunter-herder society and a mobile pastoralist adaptation and is simultaneous with widescale socioeconomic and environmental fluctuations. These include for example the cooling of environment during the Little Ice Age, and the Black Death pandemic in the mid-1300s.

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Čoahkkáigeassu

Rohttu badjosiin? Sámi boazodoalločuozáhagaid áiggálaš saji gávdnan Eanodaga Giehtaruohttasis

Dán artihkkalis ovdanbuktojuvvojit ođđa radiočitnaáigemeroštallamat Eanodaga Giehtaruohttasa guovllus rájirasttildeaddji Sámis, mii lea Eurohpa áidna álgoálbmot sápmelaččaid ruovttueanan. Arkelogalaš čuozáhagain čoggojuvvoje 50 ođđa áigemeroštallančájánasa, mat laktásit bohcco seatnadeapmái ja boazodoalu gárggiideapmái. adičitnaáigemeroštallama vuođul orru leame nu, ahte bivdi-čoaggiservošis johttáhuvvon smávvahápmásaš boazodoallu álggii guovllus maŋemusat 900- 1000-logu molsašumis máá ja gárggiidii ealloboazodoallun 1400–1500-loguid máá. Báikkálaš radiočitnakronologiijas lea mearkkašahtti boatka 1300-logus, dego maid Norgga sis-Romsa guovllus. Dát boatka speadjalastá jáhkehahttivuođa mielde bivdi-čoaggiadaptašuvnna ja johtti ealloboazodoalu jorggáldaga, mii gávdná saji ovttaáigásažžan viiddes sosioekonomalaš ja biraslaš iežáhuvvamiiguin. Dát leat ovdamearkka dihte dálkkádaga čoaskun Smávvajiekŋabaji áigge ja 1300-logu beallemutto Čáhppes sorbmi -pandemiija.

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Series: SKAS
ISSN: 1455-0334
ISSN-E: 2736-9196
ISSN-L: 1455-0334
Issue: 2
Pages: 2 - 20
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 615 History and archaeology
Subjects:
Funding: Tutkimus on osa Oulun yliopiston Domestication in Action -hanketta (Suomen Akatemia 308322; European Research Council 2017 756431).
EU Grant Number: (756431) DOMESTICATION - Domestication in Action - Tracing Archaeological Markers of Human-Animal Interaction
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 308322
Detailed Information: 308322 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © 2020 Oula Seitsonen ja SKAS.