Internetwork time synchronization of mobile Ad Hoc networks
|Author:||Saarnisaari, Harri1; Markkula, Juho1; Paso, Tuomas1;|
1Centre for Wireless Communications, University of Oulu, 90570 Oulu, Finland
|Online Access:||PDF Full Text (PDF, 2.2 MB)|
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2021061738218
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers,
|Publish Date:|| 2021-06-17
Several time synchronous ad hoc networks may operate in the same geographical area. Although network time synchronization within an individual network has been widely discussed, internetwork time synchronization relying on time sources the networks carry has not been addressed. Therefore, this paper proposes an internetwork time synchronization procedure that allows to use one network as a time source and share its time, like a global navigation satellite system time, to other networks. The internetwork time synchronization procedure runs in gateway nodes that could be a member in several networks, and it collaborates with the individual network time synchronization algorithms that operate at the network level. Consequently, the paper proposes a generic, robust hybrid network time synchronization protocol and analyses its performance using a sensible metric called a mutual consensus. It is shown that the common time is achieved with a limited variance in the networks that operate in the master-slave, distributed or hybrid mode. Provided numerical examples illustrate the behavior of the algorithm and confirm the theoretical findings.
|Pages:||84191 - 84203|
|Type of Publication:||
A1 Journal article – refereed
|Field of Science:||
213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
This work was supported in part by the European Defence Agency Project ``Multiband effcient networks for ad hoc networks'' (MAENA) under Grant B-1476-IAP4-GP, and in part by the Academy of Finland 6Genesis Flagship under Grant 318927.
|Academy of Finland Grant Number:||
318927 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
© The Authors 2021. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. For more information, see https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.