University of Oulu

Hulkkonen M., Prisle N.L. (2021) Managing Urban Traffic Emissions with Focus on People and Atmospheric Impacts. In: Leal Filho W., Luetz J., Ayal D. (eds) Handbook of Climate Change Management. Springer, Cham.

Managing urban traffic emissions with focus on people and atmospheric impacts

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Author: Hulkkonen, Mira1; Prisle, Nønne L.1
Organizations: 1University of Oulu, P.O. Box 8000, FI-90014 University of Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: embargoed
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Springer Nature, 2021
Publish Date: 2023-06-03


With a growing majority of the world’s population residing in cities, it is vital to advance a shift to low-emission urban mobility in order to mitigate climate change. Despite the fundamental role played by infrastructure, daily decisions and routines of individuals ultimately generate traffic. When people choose a conventionally fueled private car, it causes externalities detrimental for both individuals and the urban system as a whole: congestion, noise, greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution. Empirical studies show that the awareness of and exposure to those do not provide enough motivation for people to shift to more sustainable travel modes. Convenience overpowers environmental values. To break the habits and manage emissions, authorities must deploy incentives or sanctions — structural, regulative, economic, persuasive — that can increase the comparative advantage of low-carbon traffic modes. The potential of different initiatives to reduce traffic emissions is invaluable information for decision makers. Our contribution investigates the variety of possible ways to advance the desired shift, and highlights the importance, challenges, and key factors of high quality impact evaluations. A functional approach to test and evaluate traffic initiatives is multidisciplinary, with ways to quantify people’s behavior and preferences, traffic emerging from them, and the resulting atmospheric emissions. By shedding light on reliable approaches to reveal the real impacts of traffic initiatives, the efforts for climate change management may be reinforced.

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ISBN Print: 978-3-030-22759-3
Pages: 1 - 24
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-22759-3_51-1
Host publication: Handbook of climate change management : research, leadership, transformation
Host publication editor: Leal Filho, Walter
Luetz, Johannes
Ayal, Desalegn
Type of Publication: A3 Book chapter
Field of Science: 1172 Environmental sciences
1171 Geosciences
517 Political science
Funding: M. Hulkkonen and N.L. Prisle gratefully acknowledge funding from the Academy of Finland programme Novel Applications of Artificial Intelligence in Physical Sciences and Engineering (AIPSE), Grant No. 316743. This research has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme, Project SURFACE (Grant Agreement No. 717022).
EU Grant Number: (717022) SURFACE - The unexplored world of aerosol surfaces and their impacts.
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 316743
Detailed Information: 316743 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © 2021 Springer Nature. This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Handbook of Climate Change Management. The final authenticated version is available online at: