University of Oulu

Vodovnik, C., Borshagovski, AM., Hakala, S.M. et al. Coeffects of diet and neonicotinoid exposure on honeybee mobility and food choice. Apidologie 52, 658–667 (2021).

Coeffects of diet and neonicotinoid exposure on honeybee mobility and food choice

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Author: Vodovnik, Chiara1; Borshagovski, Anna-Maria2; Hakala, Sanja Maria3;
Organizations: 1Institute of Biology, University of Graz, Graz, Austria
2Department of Ecology and Genetics, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
3Faculty of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.5 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Springer Nature, 2021
Publish Date: 2021-06-29


Malnutrition and pesticide exposure are severe factors contributing to the current losses of honeybee colonies. As these stressors often occur combined, we studied the synergistic effects of different diets and pesticide exposure on food choice and mobility of Apis mellifera. We fed beehives with different food sources and exposed the bees to sublethal doses of thiacloprid. After that three different types of honey and pollen were offered in separate choice assays and behaviour towards food was recorded. Thiacloprid significantly affected the food choice in the honey assay, increasing the bees’ preference of polyfloral honey, while pre-pesticide diet had no influence. The pollen choice remained similar regardless of treatments, as bees always preferred polyfloral pollen. Interestingly, pesticide exposure affected bee mobility differently, depending on the previous diet. These results indicate that the diet is an important factor influencing the susceptibility to pesticides.

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Series: Apidologie
ISSN: 0044-8435
ISSN-E: 1297-9678
ISSN-L: 0044-8435
Volume: 52
Issue: 3
Pages: 658 - 667
DOI: 10.1007/s13592-021-00853-x
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
Funding: Open access funding provided by University of Graz. The work was funded by Finnish Cultural Foundation (00180246 to Dalial Freitak) and the Entomological Association in Helsinki (to Sanja Maria Hakala).
Copyright information: © The Author(s), 2021. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit