University of Oulu

Joseph, J., Iftekhar, S., Srivastava, V., Fallah, Z., Zare, E. N., & Sillanpää, M. (2021). Iron-based metal-organic framework: Synthesis, structure and current technologies for water reclamation with deep insight into framework integrity. Chemosphere, 284, 131171.

Iron-based metal-organic framework : synthesis, structure and current technologies for water reclamation with deep insight into framework integrity

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Author: Joseph, Jessy1; Iftekhar, Sidra2; Srivastava, Varsha1,3;
Organizations: 1Department of Chemistry, Jyväskylä University, Jyväskylä, Finland
2Department of Applied Physics, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, 70120, Finland
3Research Unit of Sustainable Chemistry, Faculty of Technology, University of Oulu, Oulu, 90014, Finland
4Faculty of Chemistry, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, 47416-95447, Iran
5School of Chemistry, Damghan University, Damghan, 36716-41167, Iran
6Chemistry Department, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, 11451, Saudi Arabia
7School of Resources and Environment, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC), NO. 2006, Xiyuan Ave., West High-Tech Zone, Chengdu, Sichuan, 611731, PR China
8Faculty of Science and Technology, School of Applied Physics, University Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
9School of Chemistry, Shoolini University, Solan, Himachal Pradesh, 173229, India
10Department of Biological and Chemical Engineering, Aarhus University, Nørrebrogade 44, 8000, Aarhus C, Denmark
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 24.9 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2021
Publish Date: 2021-06-30


Water is a supreme requirement for the existence of life, the contamination from the point and non-point sources are creating a great threat to the water ecosystem. Advance tools and techniques are required to restore the water quality and metal-organic framework (MOFs) with a tunable porous structure, striking physical and chemical properties are an excellent candidate for it. Fe-based MOFs, which developed rapidly in recent years, are foreseen as most promising to overcome the disadvantages of traditional water depolluting practices. Fe-MOFs with low toxicity and preferable stability possess excellent performance potential for almost all water remedying techniques in contrast to other MOF structures, especially visible light photocatalysis, Fenton, and Fenton-like heterogeneous catalysis. Fe-MOFs become essential tool for water treatment due to their high catalytic activity, abundant active site and pollutant-specific adsorption. However, the structural degradation under external chemical, photolytic, mechanical, and thermal stimuli is impeding Fe-MOFs from further improvement in activity and their commercialization. Understanding the shortcomings of structural integrity is crucial for large-scale synthesis and commercial implementation of Fe-MOFs-based water treatment techniques. Herein we summarize the synthesis, structure and recent advancements in water remediation methods using Fe-MOFs in particular more attention is paid for adsorption, heterogeneous catalysis and photocatalysis with clear insight into the mechanisms involved. For ease of analysis, the pollutants have been classified into two major classes; inorganic pollutants and organic pollutants. In this review, we present for the first time a detailed insight into the challenges in employing Fe-MOFs for water remediation due to structural instability.

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Series: Chemosphere
ISSN: 0045-6535
ISSN-E: 1879-1298
ISSN-L: 0045-6535
Volume: 284
Article number: 131171
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2021.131171
Type of Publication: A2 Review article in a scientific journal
Field of Science: 116 Chemical sciences
Funding: The authors (JJ, VS and MS) acknowledge the funding from the Academy of Finland, Finland (decision number 323655).
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 323655
Detailed Information: 323655 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (