University of Oulu

Wozniakiewicz, P. J., Bridges, J., Burchell, M. J., Carey, W., Carpenter, J., Della Corte, V., Dignam, A., Genge, M. J., Hicks, L., Hilchenbach, M., Hillier, J., Kearsley, A. T., Krüger, H., Merouane, S., Palomba, E., Postberg, F., Schmidt, J., Srama, R., Trieloff, M., … Sterken, V. J. (2021). A cosmic dust detection suite for the deep space Gateway. Advances in Space Research, 68(1), 85–104.

A cosmic dust detection suite for the deep space Gateway

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Author: Wozniakiewicz, P.J.1; Bridges, J.2; Burchell, M.J.1;
Organizations: 1Centre for Planetary Science and Astronomy, School of Physical Sciences, Univ. Kent, Canterbury, Kent CT2 7NH, United Kingdom
2Space Research Centre, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, LE1 7RH, United Kingdom
3ESTEC, Keplerlaan 1, PO Box 299, NL-2200 AG Noordwijk, the Netherlands
4Institute for Space Astrophysics and Planetology (IAPS), National Institute for AstroPhysics (INAF), via Fosso del Cavaliere 100, 00133 Roma, Italy
5Department of Earth Science and Engineering, Imperial College London, Royal School of Mines, Prince Consort Road, South Kensington, London SW7 2BP, United Kingdom
6Max-Planck-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Justus-von-Liebig-Weg 3, D-37077 Göttingen, Germany
7Institute of Geological Sciences, Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany
8University of Oulu, 90014 Oulu, P.O. Box 3000, Finland
9Universität Stuttgart, Institut für Raumfahrtsysteme Raumfahrtzentrum Baden Württemberg, Pfaffenwaldring 29, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany
10Klaus-Tschira-Labor für Kosmochemie, Institut für Geowissenschaften der Universität Heidelberg, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
11ETH Zürich, Institute for Particle Physics and Astrophysics, Wolfgang-Paulistrasse-27, CH-8093 Zurich, Switzerland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.3 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2021
Publish Date: 2021-07-02


The decade of the 2020s promises to be when humanity returns to space beyond Earth orbit, with several nations trying to place astronauts on the Moon, before going further into deep space. As part of such a programme, NASA and partner organisations, propose to build a Deep Space Gateway in lunar orbit by the mid-2020s. This would be visited regularly and offer a platform for science as well as for human activity. Payloads that can be mounted externally on the Gateway offer the chance to, amongst other scientific goals, monitor and observe the dust flux in the vicinity of the Moon. This paper looks at relevant technologies to measure dust which will impact the exposed surface at high speed. Flux estimates and a model payload of detectors are described. It is predicted that the flux is sufficient to permit studies of cometary vs. asteroidal dust and their composition, and to sample interstellar dust streams. This may also be the last opportunity to measure the natural dust flux near the Moon before the current, relatively pristine environment, is contaminated by debris, as humanity’s interest in the Moon generates increased activity in that vicinity in coming decades.

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Series: Advances in space research
ISSN: 0273-1177
ISSN-E: 1879-1948
ISSN-L: 0273-1177
Volume: 68
Issue: 1
Pages: 85 - 104
DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2021.04.002
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 115 Astronomy and space science
Funding: We wish to thank ESA for supporting this work with a grant to organise a topical working team on this topic. MJB, PJW, MvG, JCB and LJH acknowledge support from STFC. VJS received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement N°851544.
Copyright information: © 2021 COSPAR. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (