University of Oulu

Sirpa Niinimäki, Anna-Kaisa Salmi, Covariation between entheseal changes and cross-sectional properties of reindeer long bones – Considering bone functional adaptation as partial contributing factor, Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, Volume 36, 2021, 102840, ISSN 2352-409X, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2021.102840

Covariation between entheseal changes and cross-sectional properties of reindeer long bones : considering bone functional adaptation as partial contributing factor

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Author: Niinimäki, Sirpa1; Salmi, Anna-Kaisa2
Organizations: 1History, Culture and Communication Studies, P.O. Box 1000, 90014, University of Oulu, Finland
2History, Culture and Communication Studies, University of Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.6 MB)
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2021070841244
Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2021
Publish Date: 2021-07-08
Description:

Abstract

Entheseal changes and bone cross-sectional properties are used as skeletal activity markers for different animal species, although most studies are targeted on humans. While there is compelling evidence on the association between activity and bone cross-sectional properties, studies on association of entheseal changes to activity have presented more contradictory results. In previous research, covariation between entheseal changes and bone cross-sectional properties is considered a possible result of common underlying factor. However, these studies are performed predominantly on human material. We provide beyond-species scope by studying this covariation in reindeer skeleton. The results will provide platform for discussing bone functional adaptation pathway in which activity modifies entheseal appearance. The material are wild forest reindeer, domesticated free-ranging reindeer and zoo reindeer of Northern and North-East Finland. We found that bone formation in most studied entheses (25 out of 27) were associated with increased values in bone cross-sectional properties and proxies of bone/body size. Features of bone resorption, when significant, were also associated with increased values in bone cross-sectional properties and bone/body size. We conclude that as entheseal changes were associated with bone cross-sectional properties and bone/body size, the observed variation at reindeer entheses likely reflects skeletal robusticity. While causal factors resulting in association between skeletal robusticity and entheseal appearance cannot be evidenced, bone functional adaptation can be hypothesized as at least a partial contributing mechanism to entheseal appearance.

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Series: Journal of archaeological science. Reports
ISSN: 2352-409X
ISSN-E: 2352-4103
ISSN-L: 2352-409X
Volume: 36
Article number: 102840
DOI: 10.1016/j.jasrep.2021.102840
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2021.102840
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 615 History and archaeology
Subjects:
Funding: This research was funded by the European Research Council (ERC Advanced Grant 295458; ERC Starting Grant 756431 for Anna-Kaisa Salmi as principal investigator) and the Academy of Finland (Grant 285774; Project 308322 for Anna-Kaisa Salmi as principal investigator).
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 285774
308322
Detailed Information: 285774 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
308322 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
  https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/