University of Oulu

Noura Howell, Britta F. Schulte, Amy Twigger Holroyd, Rocío Fatás Arana, Sumita Sharma, and Grace Eden. 2021. Calling for a Plurality of Perspectives on Design Futuring: An Un-Manifesto. Extended Abstracts of the 2021 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. Association for Computing Machinery, New York, NY, USA, Article 31, 1–10. DOI:

Calling for a plurality of perspectives on design futuring : an un-manifesto

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Author: Howell, Noura1; Schulte, Britta F.2; Twigger Holroyd, Amy3;
Organizations: 1North Carolina State University, U.S.
2Bauhaus-University Weimar, Germany
3Nottingham Trent University, U.K.
4Srishti-Manipal Institute of Art, Design and Technology, India
5INTERACT Research Unit, University of Oulu, Finland
6Indraprastha Institute of Information Technology, Delhi (IIITD), India
Format: abstract
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.7 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Association for Computing Machinery, 2021
Publish Date: 2021-08-16


The Futures Cone, a prominent model in design futuring, is useful for promoting discussions about possible, plausible, probable, and preferable futures. Yet this model has limitations, such as representing diverse human experiences as a singular point of “the present” and implicitly embedding notions of linear progress. Responding to this, we argue that a plurality of perspectives is needed to engage imaginations that depict a diverse unfolding of potential futures. Through reflecting on our own cultural and professional backgrounds, we offer five perspectives for design futuring as a contribution to this plurality: Parallel Presents, “I Am Time”, Epithelial Metaphors, the Uncertainties Cone, and Meet (with) “Speculation”. These perspectives open alternative approaches to design futuring, move outside prevalent notions of technological progress, and foreground interdependent, relational agencies.

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ISBN Print: 978-1-4503-8095-9
Pages: 1 - 10
DOI: 10.1145/3411763.3450364
Host publication: 2021 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems: Making Waves, Combining Strengths, CHI EA 2021
Conference: CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
Field of Science: 113 Computer and information sciences
Copyright information: © 2021 Copyright held by the owner/author(s). This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here for your personal use. Not for redistribution. The definitive Version of Record was published in 2021 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems: Making Waves, Combining Strengths, CHI EA 2021,