University of Oulu

Hull, E., Semeniuk, M., Puolakka, HL. et al. Tendons and ligaments of the Rangifer tarandus metapodial and hoof. Polar Biol 44, 1803–1816 (2021).

Tendons and ligaments of the Rangifer tarandus metapodial and hoof

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Author: Hull, Emily1; Semeniuk, Mitchell2; Puolakka, Hanna-Leena1;
Organizations: 1University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.5 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Springer Nature, 2021
Publish Date: 2021-09-01


Rangifer tarandus, the northern species including both reindeer and caribou, is a pillar of northern ecosystems and the lives of northern peoples. As the only domestic cervid, reindeer are important not only to the herders and hunters who presently interact with them, but also to zooarchaeologists and palaeontologists tracing their histories. Unfortunately, limited anatomical information on Rangifer tarandus muscles is available beyond descriptions of the large muscle groups. The lower limb and hoof in particular is poorly documented. This is problematic, as this important body part has the potential to be informative in zooarchaeological analyses of habitual activity, especially in regards to historical animal health, movement, and habitual activity. Better understanding of the hoof can additionally be useful to herders and veterinarians seeking to provide veterinary care for living animals. This study has used dissections and comparisons of the reindeer hoof with other domestic ungulates to document both the common and unique structures in Rangifer tarandus hooves, including the presence and attachment points of these structures. As these structures have proved unique, especially in regards to the dewclaw, it is important that other ungulates not be used exclusively in the analysis of Rangifer tarandus remains.

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Series: Polar biology
ISSN: 0722-4060
ISSN-E: 1432-2056
ISSN-L: 0722-4060
Volume: 44
Issue: 9
Pages: 1803 - 1816
DOI: 10.1007/s00300-021-02919-z
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
615 History and archaeology
Funding: Funding for this project was provided by UAlberta North, and facilities were provided by the University of Oulu. Dissection subjects were provided by generous donation by Jenni Ronkainen and Sanna-Mari Kynkäänniemi. We are indebted to the guidance provided by Dr. Anna-Kaisa Salmi of the University of Oulu and to Dr. Robert Losey of the University of Alberta. Many thanks to our reviewers and editor, especially Dr. Jonathan Colman and Dr. Dieter Piepenburg for their helpful insights. This project has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (Grant Agreement No. 756431) as well as The University of Oulu & The Academy of Finland Profi4 318930. Open access funding provided by University of Oulu including Oulu University Hospital.
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 318930
Detailed Information: 318930 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
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