University of Oulu

Makarewicz, A., Jamka, M., Wasiewicz-Gajdzis, M., Bajerska, J., Miśkiewicz-Chotnicka, A., Kwiecień, J., … Walkowiak, J. (2021). Comparison of Subjective and Objective Methods to Measure the Physical Activity of Non-Depressed Middle-Aged Healthy Subjects with Normal Cognitive Function and Mild Cognitive Impairment—A Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(15), 8042. doi:10.3390/ijerph18158042

Comparison of subjective and objective methods to measure the physical activity of non-depressed middle-aged healthy subjects with normal cognitive function and mild cognitive impairment — a cross-sectional study

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Author: Makarewicz, Aleksandra1; Jamka, Małgorzata1; Wasiewicz-Gajdzis, Maria1;
Organizations: 1Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Metabolic Diseases, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, 27/33 Szpitalna Str., 60-572 Poznań, Poland
2Department of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, Poznan University of Life Sciences, 31 Wojska Polskiego Str., 60-624 Poznań, Poland
3Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medical Sciences in Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, 15-3 Maja Str., 41-800 Zabrze, Poland
4Department of Clinical Auxology and Pediatric Nursing, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, 27/33 Szpitalna Str., 60-572 Poznań, Poland
5Medical Research Center, Oulu University Hospital, University of Oulu, 50 Kajaanintie Str., 90220 Oulu, Finland
6Research Unit of Biomedicine, University of Oulu, 1 Pentti Kaiteran Ktu Str., 90220 Oulu, Finland
7Department of Physiology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, 6 Święcickiego Str., 60-781 Poznań, Poland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 2.3 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2021
Publish Date: 2021-09-02


This study compared subjective and objective methods of measuring different categories of physical activity in non-depressed middle-aged subjects with normal cognitive function (NCF) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). In total, 75 participants (NCF: n = 48, MCI: n = 27) were recruited and physical activity was assessed for seven days using the ActiGraph and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Anthropometric parameters, body compositions, resting metabolic rate, and energy expenditure were also assessed. ActiGraph data indicated that subjects with NCF were more active than MCI subjects. A comparison of the IPAQ and the ActiGraph data revealed a significant correlation between these methods for total (r = 0.3315, p < 0.01) and moderate (r = 0.3896, p < 0.01) physical activity in the total population and moderate activity (r = 0.2893, p < 0.05) within the NCF group. No associations between these methods were found within the MCI group. Independent predictors of subjectively evaluated total physical activity were alcohol consumption (p = 0.0358) and socio-professional status (p = 0.0288), while weight (p = 0.0285) and the Montreal Cognitive Assessment results (p = 0.0309) were independent predictors of objectively measured physical activity. In conclusion, the long version of IPAQ is a more reliable tool to assess PA in subjects with NCF than those with MCI. More studies are needed to confirm this finding.

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Series: International journal of environmental research and public health
ISSN: 1661-7827
ISSN-E: 1660-4601
ISSN-L: 1661-7827
Volume: 18
Issue: 15
Article number: 8042
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18158042
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
Funding: This research was funded by the National Science Centre (Twardowskiego Str. 16, 30–312 Kraków, Poland), grant number UMO–2017/27/B/NZ7/02924. The APC was funded by the Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Metabolic Diseases, Poznan University of Medical Sciences.
Copyright information: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (