University of Oulu

Sabatini, FM, Lenoir, J, Hattab, T, et al. sPlotOpen – An environmentally balanced, open-access, global dataset of vegetation plots. Global Ecol Biogeogr. 2021; 30: 1740– 1764. https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.13346

sPlotOpen : an environmentally balanced, open-access, global dataset of vegetation plots

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Author: Sabatini, Francesco Maria1,2; Lenoir, Jonathan3; Hattab, Tarek4,5;
Arnst, Elise Aimee6; Chytry, Milan7; Dengler, Juergen8,9; De Ruffray, Patrice10; Hennekens, Stephan M.11; Jandt, Ute1,2; Jansen, Florian12; Jimenez-Alfaro, Borja13; Kattge, Jens14,15; Levesley, Aurora16; Pillar, Valerio D.17; Purschke, Oliver18; Sandel, Brody19; Sultana, Fahmida20; Aavik, Tsipe21; Acic, Svetlana22; Acosta, Alicia T. R.23; Agrillo, Emiliano24; Alvarez, Miguel25; Apostolova, Iva26; Arfin Khan, Mohammed A. S.20; Arroyo, Luzmila27; Attorre, Fabio28; Aubin, Isabelle29; Banerjee, Arindam30; Bauters, Marijn31,32; Bergeron, Yves33; Bergmeier, Erwin34; Biurrun, Idoia35; Bjorkman, Anne D.36,37; Bonari, Gianmaria38; Bondareva, Viktoria39; Brunet, Jorg40; Carni, Andraz41,42; Casella, Laura24; Cayuela, Luis43; Cerny, Tomas44; Chepinoga, Victor45; Csiky, Janos46; Custerevska, Renata47; De Bie, Els48; de Gasper, Andre Luis49; De Sanctis, Michele28; Dimopoulos, Panayotis50; Dolezal, Jiri51; Dziuba, Tetiana52; El-Sheikh, Mohamed Abd El-Rouf Mousa53,54; Enquist, Brian55; Ewald, Joerg56; Fazayeli, Farideh57,58; Field, Richard59; Finckh, Manfred60; Gachet, Sophie61; Galan-de-Mera, Antonio62,63,64; Garbolino, Emmanuel65; Gholizadeh, Hamid66; Giorgis, Melisa67; Golub, Valentin68; Alsos, Inger Greve69; Grytnes, John-Arvid70; Guerin, Gregory Richard71; Gutierrez, Alvaro G.72; Haider, Sylvia1,2; Hatim, Mohamed Z.44,73; Herault, Bruno74,75,76; Hinojos Mendoza, Guillermo77; Hoelzel, Norbert78; Homeier, Juergen79; Hubau, Wannes80,81; Indreica, Adrian82; Janssen, John A. M.83; Jedrzejek, Birgit78; Jentsch, Anke84; Juergens, Norbert60; Kacki, Zygmunt85; Kapfer, Jutta86; Karger, Dirk Nikolaus87; Kavgaci, Ali88; Kearsley, Elizabeth32; Kessler, Michael89; Khanina, Larisa90; Killeen, Timothy91; Korolyuk, Andrey92; Kreft, Holger93; Kuehl, Hjalmar S.1,94; Kuzemko, Anna95; Landucci, Flavia7; Lengyel, Attila96; Lens, Frederic97,98; Lingner, Debora Vanessa99; Liu, Hongyan100; Lysenko, Tatiana101,102,103; Mahecha, Miguel D.1,104; Marceno, Corrado7,35; Martynenko, Vasiliy105; Moeslund, Jesper Erenskjold106; Monteagudo Mendoza, Abel107,108; Mucina, Ladislav109,110; Muller, Jonas V.111; Munzinger, Jerome112; Naqinezhad, Alireza113; Noroozi, Jalil114; Nowak, Arkadiusz115,116; Onyshchenko, Viktor117; Overbeck, Gerhard E.118; Partel, Meelis21; Pauchard, Anibal119,120; Peet, Robert K.121; Penuelas, Josep122,123; Perez-Haase, Aaron124,125; Peterka, Tomas7; Petrik, Petr126; Peyre, Gwendolyn127; Phillips, Oliver L.16; Prokhorov, Vadim128; Rasomavicius, Valerijus129; Revermann, Rasmus60,15; Rivas-Torres, Gonzalo130; Rodwell, John S.; Ruprecht, Eszter131; Rusina, Solvita132; Samimi, Cyrus133; Schmidt, Marco134; Schrodt, Franziska59; Shan, Hanhuai135; Shirokikh, Pavel105; Sibik, Jozef136; Silc, Urban137; Sklenar, Petr138; Skvorc, Zeljko139; Sparrow, Ben140; Sperandii, Marta Gaia23,141; Stancic, Zvjezdana142; Svenning, Jens-Christian143; Tang, Zhiyao100; Tang, Cindy Q.144; Tsiripidis, Ioannis145; Vanselow, Kim Andre146; Vasquez Martinez, Rodolfo107; Vassilev, Kiril26; Velez-Martin, Eduardo147; Venanzoni, Roberto148; Vibrans, Alexander Christian99; Violle, Cyrille149; Virtanen, Risto1,150,151; von Wehrden, Henrik152; Wagner, Viktoria153; Walker, Donald A.154; Waller, Donald M.155; Wang, Hua-Feng156; Wesche, Karsten1,157,158; Whitfeld, Timothy J. S.159; Willner, Wolfgang114; Wiser, Susan K.6; Wohlgemuth, Thomas160; Yamalov, Sergey161; Zobel, Martin21; Bruelheide, Helge1,2
Organizations: 1German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, Puschstr 4, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany.
2Martin Luther Univ Halle Wittenberg, Inst Biol, Halle, Germany.
3Univ Picardie Jules Verne, Ecol & Dynam Syst Anthropises EDYSAN, CNRS, UMR 7058, Amiens, France.
4Univ Montpellier, MARBEC, CNRS, IFREMER, Sete, France.
5IRD, Sete, France.
6Manaaki Whenua Landcare Res, Lincoln, New Zealand.
7Masaryk Univ, Dept Bot & Zool, Brno, Czech Republic.
8Zurich Univ Appl Sci ZHAW, Vegetat Ecol Grp, Inst Nat Resource Sci IUNR, Wadenswil, Switzerland.
9Univ Bayreuth, Bayreuth Ctr Ecol & Environm Res BayCEER, Bayreuth, Germany.
10Univ Strasbourg, CNRS, Inst Biol Mol Plantes, Strasbourg, France.
11Wageningen Environm Res, Wageningen, Netherlands.
12Univ Rostock, Fac Agr & Environm Sci, Rostock, Germany.
13Univ Oviedo, Res Unit Biodivers, CSIC, UO,PA, Mieres, Spain.
14Max Planck Inst Biogeochem, Jena, Germany.
15Namibia Univ Sci & Technol, Fac Nat Resources & Spatial Sci, Windhoek, Namibia.
16Univ Leeds, Sch Geog, Leeds, W Yorkshire, England.
17Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Dept Ecol, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
18Martin Luther Univ Halle Wittenberg, Med Sch, Interdisciplinary Ctr Hlth Sci, Inst Med Epidemiol Biometr & Informat IMEBI, Halle, Germany.
19Santa Clara Univ, Dept Biol, Santa Clara, CA 95053 USA.
20Shahjalal Univ Sci & Technol, Sylhet, Bangladesh.
21Univ Tartu, Inst Ecol & Earth Sci, Tartu, Estonia.
22Univ Belgrade, Dept Bot, Fac Agr, Belgrade, Serbia.
23Roma Tre Univ, Dept Sci, Rome, Italy.
24ISPRA Italian Natl Inst Environm Protect & Res, Biodivers Conservat Dept, Rome, Italy.
25Univ Bonn, INRES, Bonn, Germany.
26Bulgarian Acad Sci, Inst Biodivers & Ecosyst Res, Dept Plant & Fungal Divers & Resources, Sofia, Bulgaria.
27Univ Autonoma Gabriel Rene Moreno, Direcc Carrera Biol, Santa Cruz, Bolivia.
28Sapienza Univ Rome, Dept Environm Biol, Rome, Italy.
29Nat Resources Canada, Great Lakes Forestry Ctr, Canadian Forest Serv, Sault Ste Marie, ON, Canada.
30Univ Illinois, Dept Comp Sci, Urbana, IL USA.
31Univ Ghent, Isotope Biosci Lab UGent, Dept Green Chem & Technol, ISOFYS, Ghent, Belgium.
32Univ Ghent, Dept Environm Computat & Appl Vegetat Ecol UGent, CAVELab, Ghent, Belgium.
33Univ Quebec Abitibi Temiscamingue, Forest Res Inst, Rouyn Noranda, PQ, Canada.
34Univ Gottingen, Vegetat Ecol & Phytodivers, Gottingen, Germany.
35Univ Basque Country UPV EHU, Plant Biol & Ecol, Bilbao, Spain.
36Univ Gothenburg, Dept Biol & Environm Sci, Gothenburg, Sweden.
37Gothenburg Global Biodivers Ctr, Gothenburg, Sweden.
38Free Univ Bozen Bolzano, Bolzano, Italy.
39Inst Ecol Volga River Basin, Lab Phytodivers Problem & Phytocoenol, Toljatty, Russia.
40Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Southern Swedish Forest Res Ctr, Alnarp, Sweden.
41Slovenian Acad Sci & Arts, Res Ctr, Inst Biol, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
42Univ Nova Gorica, Sch Viticulture & Enol, Nova Gorica, Slovenia.
43Univ Rey Juan Carlos, Dept Biol & Geol, Phys & Inorgan Chem, Mostoles, Spain.
44Czech Univ Life Sci Prague, Fac Forestry & Wood Sci, Dept Forest Ecol, Prague 6, Czech Republic.
45RAS, Cent Siberian Bot Garden, SB, Novosibirsk, Russia.
46Univ Pecs, Dept Ecol, Pecs, Hungary.
47Ss Cyril & Methodius Univ, Fac Nat Sci & Math, Ins Biol, Skopje, North Macedonia.
48Res Inst Nat & Forest INBO, Biotope Divers, Brussels, Belgium.
49Univ Reg Blumenau, Blumenau, Brazil.
50Univ Patras, Div Plant Biol, Dept Biol, Lab Bot, Patras, Greece.
51Czech Acad Sci, Inst Bot, Dept Funct Ecol, Trebon, Czech Republic.
52Natl Acad Sci Ukraine, MG Kholodny Inst Bot, Geobotany & Ecol, Kiev, Ukraine.
53King Saud Univ, Bot & Microbiol Dept, Coll Sci, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
54Damanhour Univ, Bot Dept, Fac Sci, Damanhour, Egypt.
55Univ Arizona, Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Tucson, AZ USA.
56Univ Appl Sci, Hsch Weihenstephan Triesdorf, Freising Weihenstephan, Germany.
57Google LLC, Mountain View, CA USA.
58Univ Minnesota Twin Cities, Minneapolis, MN USA.
59Univ Nottingham, Sch Geog, Nottingham, England.
60Univ Hamburg, Inst Plant Sci & Microbiol, Biodivers Ecol & Evolut Plants, Hamburg, Germany.
61Avignon Univ, Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, IRD,IMBE, Marseille, France.
62Univ CEU San Pablo, Lab Bot, Madrid, Spain.
63Univ Privada Antonio Guillermo Urrelo, Lab Bot, Cajamarca, Peru.
64Estudios Fitogeog Peru, Herbario AQP, Arequipa, Peru.
65Nova Sophia Regus Nova, Climpact Data Sci CDS, Sophia Antipolis, France.
66Univ Mazandaran, Dept Plant Biol, Babolsar, Iran.
67Inst Multidisciplinario Biol Vegetal IMBIV, Ecol Vegetal & Fitogeog, CONICET, Cordoba, Argentina.
68Russian Acad Sci, Samara Fed Res Ctr, Inst Ecol Volga River Basin, Lab Phytocoenol, Toljatty, Russia.
69UiT Arctic Univ Norway, Arctic Univ Museum Norway, Tromso, Norway.
70Univ Bergen, Dept Biol Sci, Bergen, Norway.
71Univ Adelaide, Sch Biol Sci, Adelaide, SA, Australia.
72Univ Chile, Fac Ciencias Agron, Dept Ciencias Ambient & Recursos Nat Renovables, Santiago, Chile.
73Wageningen Univ, Plant Ecol & Nat Conservat Grp, Environm Sci Dept, Wageningen, Netherlands.
74CIRAD, UPR Forets & Soc, Yamoussoukro, Cote Ivoire.
75Univ Montpellier, CIRAD, Montpellier, France.
76Inst Natl Polytechn Felix Houphouet Boigny, INP HB, Yamoussoukro, Cote Ivoire.
77ASES Ecol & Sustainable Serv, Aubenas, France.
78Univ Munster, Inst Landscape Ecol, Munster, Germany.
79Univ Gottingen, Plant Ecol & Ecosyst Res, Gottingen, Germany.
80Univ Ghent, Lab Wood Biol UGent, Dept Environm, WoodLab, Ghent, Belgium.
81Royal Museum Cent Africa, Serv Wood Biol, Tervuren, Belgium.
82Transilvania Univ Brasov, Dept Silviculture, Brasov, Romania.
83Wageningen Univ & Res, Wageningen Environm Res Alterra, Wageningen, Netherlands.
84Univ Bayreuth, Bayreuth Ctr Ecol & Environm Res, Disturbance Ecol, Bayreuth, Germany.
85Univ Wroclaw, Bot Garden, Wroclaw, Poland.
86Norwegian Inst Bioecon Res, Tromso, Norway.
87Swiss Fed Inst Forest Snow & Landscape Res WSL, Biodivers & Conservat Biol, Birmensdorf, Switzerland.
88Karabuk Univ, Fac Foresty, Kilavuzlar Koyu Ote Karsi Univ Kampusu Merkez, Karabuk, Turkey.
89Univ Zurich, Dept Systemat & Evolutionary Bot, Zurich, Switzerland.
90Russian Acad Sci, RAS, Branch MV Keldysh Inst Appl Math, Inst Math Problems Biol, Pushchino, Russia.
91Univ Autonoma Gabriel Rene Moreno, Museo Hist Nat Noel Kempff Mercado, Santa Cruz, Bolivia.
92Russian Acad Sci, Siberian Branch, Cent Siberian Bot Garden, Geosyst Lab, Novosibirsk, Russia.
93Univ Gottingen, Dept Biodivers Macroecol & Biogeog, Gottingen, Germany.
94Max Planck Inst Evolutionary Anthropol, Leipzig, Germany.
95Natl Acad Sci Ukraine, MG Kholodny Inst Bot, Dept Geobot & Ecol, Kiev, Ukraine.
96Inst Ecol & Bot, Ctr Ecol Res, Vacratot, Hungary.
97Res Grp Funct Traits, Nat Biodivers Ctr, Leiden, Netherlands.
98Leiden Univ, Inst Biol Leiden, Leiden, Netherlands.
99Univ Reg Blumenau, Dept Engn Florestal, Blumenau, Brazil.
100Peking Univ, Coll Urban & Environm Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China.
101RAS, Komarov Bot Inst, Lab Vegetat Sci, St Petersburg, Russia.
102RAS, Branch Samara Sci Ctr, Lab Phytodivers Problems, Inst Ecol Volga River Basin, Tolyatti, Russia.
103RAS, Grp Ecol Living Organisms, Tobolsk Complex Sci Stn, Ural Branch, Tobolsk, Russia.
104Univ Leipzig, Remote Sensing Ctr Earth Syst Res, Leipzig, Germany.
105Russian Acad Sci, Ufa Inst Biol, Ufa Fed Sci Ctr, Ufa, Russia.
106Aarhus Univ, Dept Biosci, Ronde, Denmark.
107Jardin Bot Missouri Oxapampa, Oxapampa, Pasco, Peru.
108Univ Nacl San Antonio Abad Cusco, Cuzco, Peru.
109Murdoch Univ, Perth, WA, Australia.
110Stellenbosch Univ, Dept Geog & Environm Studies, Stellenbosch, South Africa.
111Royal Bot Gardens, Conservat Sci, Richmond, Ardingly, England.
112Univ Montpellier, CNRS, CIRAD, INRAE,AMAP, Montpellier, France.
113Univ Mazandaran, Dept Plant Biol, Mazandaran, Iran.
114Univ Vienna, Dept Bot & Biodivers Res, Vienna, Austria.
115Polish Acad Sci, Ctr Biodivers Conservat, Bot Garden, Warsaw, Poland.
116Univ Opole, Inst Biol, Opole, Poland.
117Natl Acad Sci Ukraine, MG Kholodny Inst Bot, Kiev, Ukraine.
118Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Dept Bot, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
119Univ Concepcion, Fac Ciencias Forestales, Lab Invas Biol LIB, Concepcion, Chile.
120Inst Ecol & Biodivers IEB, Santiago, Chile.
121Univ N Carolina, Dept Biol, Chapel Hill, NC 27515 USA.
122CSIC, Global Ecol Unit, CREAF, UAB, Bellaterra, Catalonia, Spain.
123CREAF, Cerdanyola Del Valles, Spain.
124Cent Univ Catalonia, Dept Biosci, Univ Vic, Barcelona, Spain.
125Univ Barcelona, Dept Evolutionary Biol Ecol & Environm Sci, Barcelona, Spain.
126Czech Acad Sci, Inst Bot, Dept Vegetat Ecol, Pruhonice, Czech Republic.
127Univ Andes, Dept Civil & Environm Engn, Bogota, Colombia.
128Kazan Fed Univ, Inst Environm Sci, Kazan, Russia.
129Nat Res Ctr, Inst Bot, Vilnius, Lithuania.
130Univ San Francisco Quito, COCIBA, Quito, Ecuador.
131Babe Bolyai Univ, Fac Biol & Geol, Hungarian Dept Biol & Ecol, Cluj Napoca, Romania.
132Univ Latvia, Fac Geog & Earth Sci, Riga, Latvia.
133Univ Bayreuth, Bayreuth Ctr Ecol & Environm Res BayCEER, Climatol, Bayreuth, Germany.
134Stadt Frankfurt Main Magistrat, Palmengarten, Frankfurt, Germany.
135Microsoft, Redmond, WA USA.
136Slovak Acad Sci, Inst Bot, Plant Sci & Biodivers Ctr, Bratislava, Slovakia.
137Slovenian Acad Sci & Arts ZRC SAZU, Inst Biol, Res Ctr, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
138Charles Univ Prague, Dept Bot, Prague, Czech Republic.
139Univ Zagreb, Fac Forestry & Wood Technol, Zagreb, Croatia.
140Univ Adelaide, TERN, Adelaide, SA, Australia.
141CSIC, Ctr Invest Desertificac, UV, GV, Moncada, Spain.
142Univ Zagreb, Fac Geotech Engn, Varazhdin, Croatia.
143Aarhus Univ, Dept Biol, Aarhus C, Denmark.
144Yunnan Univ, Sch Ecol & Environm Sci, Kunming, Yunnan, Peoples R China.
145Aristotle Univ Thessaloniki, Sch Biol, Thessaloniki, Greece.
146Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Dept Geog, Erlangen, Germany.
147ILEX Consultoria Cient, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
148Univ Perugia, Dept Chem Biol & Biotechnol, Perugia, Italy.
149Univ Paul Valery Montpellier 3, CEFE, Univ Montpellier, CNRS,EPHE,IRD, Montpellier, France.
150Univ Oulu, Ecol & Genet Res Unit, Biodivers Unit, Oulu, Finland.
151Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Dept Physiol Divers, UFZ, Leipzig, Germany.
152Leuphana Univ Luneburg, Inst Ecol, Luneburg, Germany.
153Univ Alberta, Dept Biol Sci, Edmonton, AB, Canada.
154Univ Alaska, Inst Arctic Biol, Fairbanks, AK 99775 USA.
155Univ Wisconsin, Bot, Madison, WI USA.
156Hainan Univ, Coll Trop Crops, Hainan Key Lab Sustainable Utilizat Trop Bioresou, Haikou, Hainan, Peoples R China.
157Senckenberg Museum Nat Hist Gorlitz, Bot Dept, Gorlitz, Germany.
158Tech Univ Dresden, Int Inst Zittau, Zittau, Germany.
159Univ Minnesota, Bell Museum, St Paul, MN 55108 USA.
160Swiss Fed Inst Forest Snow & Landscape Res WSL, Forest Dynam, Birmensdorf, Switzerland.
161Russian Acad Sci, Ufa Sci Ctr, Lab Wild Growing Flora, South Ural Bot Garden Inst, Ufa, Russia.
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 2.6 MB)
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2021090345129
Language: English
Published: John Wiley & Sons, 2021
Publish Date: 2021-09-03
Description:

Abstract

Motivation: Assessing biodiversity status and trends in plant communities is critical for understanding, quantifying and predicting the effects of global change on ecosystems. Vegetation plots record the occurrence or abundance of all plant species co-occurring within delimited local areas. This allows species absences to be inferred, information seldom provided by existing global plant datasets. Although many vegetation plots have been recorded, most are not available to the global research community. A recent initiative, called ‘sPlot’, compiled the first global vegetation plot database, and continues to grow and curate it. The sPlot database, however, is extremely unbalanced spatially and environmentally, and is not open-access. Here, we address both these issues by (a) resampling the vegetation plots using several environmental variables as sampling strata and (b) securing permission from data holders of 105 local-to-regional datasets to openly release data. We thus present sPlotOpen, the largest open-access dataset of vegetation plots ever released. sPlotOpen can be used to explore global diversity at the plant community level, as ground truth data in remote sensing applications, or as a baseline for biodiversity monitoring.

Main types of variable contained: Vegetation plots (n = 95,104) recording cover or abundance of naturally co-occurring vascular plant species within delimited areas. sPlotOpen contains three partially overlapping resampled datasets (c. 50,000 plots each), to be used as replicates in global analyses. Besides geographical location, date, plot size, biome, elevation, slope, aspect, vegetation type, naturalness, coverage of various vegetation layers, and source dataset, plot-level data also include community-weighted means and variances of 18 plant functional traits from the TRY Plant Trait Database.

Spatial location and grain: Global, 0.01–40,000 m².

Time period and grain: 1888–2015, recording dates.

Major taxa and level of measurement: 42,677 vascular plant taxa, plot-level records.

Software format: Three main matrices (.csv), relationally linked.

see all

Series: Global ecology and biogeography. A journal of macroecology
ISSN: 1466-822X
ISSN-E: 1466-822X
ISSN-L: 1466-822X
Volume: 30
Issue: 9
Pages: 1740 - 1764
DOI: 10.1111/geb.13346
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.1111/geb.13346
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
1183 Plant biology, microbiology, virology
Subjects:
Funding: Agence Nationale de la Recherche, Grant/Award Number: ANR-07-BDIV-0006, ANR-07-BDIV-0008 and ANR-07-BDIV-0010; H2020 European Research Council, Grant/Award Number: ERC Advanced Grant 291585 "T-FORCES" and ERC-SyG-2013-610028 IMBALANCE-P; Villum Fonden, Grant/Award Number: 16549; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Grant/Award Number: DFG FZT 118, 202548816, DFG Ho3296-2, DFG Ho3296-4, DFG VA 749/1-1, DFG VA 749/4-1 and DDFG WE 2601/3-1 3-2 4-1 4-2; Narodowe Centrum Nauki, Grant/Award Number: 2017/25/B/NZ8/00572; Latvia grant, Grant/Award Number: AAP2016/B041//Zd2016/AZ03; NSF, Grant/Award Number: DEB-0415383; Horizon 2020 Framework Programme, Grant/Award Number: 640176; U.S. National Science Foundation, Grant/Award Number: DBI-0213794 and DBI-9905838; Grantova Agentura Ceske Republiky, Grant/Award Number: 19-28491X; German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research, Grant/Award Number: 50170649_#7; Fundacion BBVA, Grant/Award Number: BIOCON08_044; Akademie Ved Ceske Republiky, Grant/Award Number: RVO 67985939; Spanish Research Agency, Grant/Award Number: AEI/10.13039/501100011033; National Research, Development and Innovation Office, Hungar, Grant/Award Number: PD--12399; Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Forderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung, Grant/Award Number: 20BD21_184131; Basque Government, Grant/Award Number: 640176; Russian Foundation for Basic Research, Grant/Award Number: 16-04-00747a; Brazil's National Council of Scientific and Technological Development, Grant/Award Number: 307689/2014-0 and 310022/2015-0; Volkswagen Foundation, Grant/Award Number: AZ I/81 976.
Dataset Reference: The R code used to produce sPlotOpen from the sPlot v2.1 database is contained in the sPlotOpen_code GitHub repository: https://github.com/fmsabatini/sPlotOpen_Code. This manuscript was produced using the Manubot workflow (Himmelstein et al., 2019). The code for reproducing this manuscript is stored in the sPlotOpen_manuscript GitHub repository: https://github.com/fmsabatini/sPlotOpen_Manuscript.
  https://github.com/fmsabatini/sPlotOpen_Code
https://github.com/fmsabatini/sPlotOpen_Manuscript
Copyright information: © 2021 The Authors. Global Ecology and Biogeography published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/