University of Oulu

Visuri, A., van Berkel, N., Goncalves, J. et al. Understanding usage style transformation during long-term smartwatch use. Pers Ubiquit Comput 25, 535–549 (2021).

Understanding usage style transformation during long-term smartwatch use

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Author: Visuri, Aku1; van Berkel, Niels2; Goncalves, Jorge2;
Organizations: 1University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
3University of Rochester, Rochester, USA
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.8 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Springer Nature, 2021
Publish Date: 2021-09-07


Despite large investments in smartwatch development, the market growth remains smaller than forecasted. The purpose of smartwatch use remains unclear, indicated by the lack of large-scale adoption. Thus, we aim to better understand the early adoption and everyday smartwatch use. We investigate a diverse usage data of smartwatches logged over a period of up to 14 months from 79 individuals between December 2015 and March 2017, one of the largest wearable datasets collected. First, we identify both explorative and accepted behaviours that users exhibit and further investigate how the individual usage traits and features differ between the two categories. Our analysis offers an insightful perspective on how smartwatch use evolves organically. Our results improve our shared understanding of smartwatch use and users adapting their use of smartwatch over time to match the capabilities of the technology by validating numerous findings from previous literature.

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Series: Personal and ubiquitous computing
ISSN: 1617-4909
ISSN-E: 1617-4917
ISSN-L: 1617-4909
Volume: 25
Issue: 3
Pages: 535 - 549
DOI: 10.1007/s00779-020-01511-2
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
Funding: Open Access funding provided by University of Oulu including Oulu University Hospital. This work is partially funded by the Academy of Finland (Grants 286386-CPDSS, 285459-iSCIENCE, 304925-CARE, 313224-STOP, 316253-SENSATE).
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 286386
Detailed Information: 286386 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
285459 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
304925 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
313224 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
316253 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
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