University of Oulu

Martikainen, A.-L., Savinainen-Makkonen, T., & Kunnari, S. (2019). Intra-word consistency and accuracy in Finnish children aged 3–6 years. Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, 33(9), 815–830. https://doi.org/10.1080/02699206.2019.1576770

Intra-word consistency and accuracy in Finnish children aged 3–6 years

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Author: Martikainen, Anna-Leena1; Savinainen-Makkonen, Tuula1; Kunnari, Sari1
Organizations: 1Faculty of Humanities, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.4 MB)
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2021091746417
Language: English
Published: Informa, 2019
Publish Date: 2020-02-17
Description:

Abstract

This study examined intra-word consistency and accuracy in typically developing Finnish children and their relation to children’s vocabulary size and phonological skills. A total of 80 typically developing Finnish children aged 3;0 to 6;11 were asked to name 20 words three separate times during a single assessment session. Responses were classified into four categories: 1) consistently correct productions, 2) consistently incorrect productions, 3) variable productions with hits (variable productions including at least one matched adult target), and 4) variable productions with no hits. The results revealed that 5- and 6-year-old children produced significantly more often consistently correct responses than younger children. However, even for the 3- and 4-year old children the most frequent response type was consistently correct production. Between these two youngest age groups (3 and 4), the only significant difference was in consistently incorrect responses, which the 3-year-olds produced more often than the older children. There was a significant negative correlation between consistently incorrectly produced words and children’s phonological skills, but no other relationships were found. The results indicate that when assessing children with speech sound disorder (SSD), Finnish clinicians need to take into account the fact that even 3-year-old typically developing children generally produce words correctly, either consistently or inconsistently.

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Series: Clinical linguistics & phonetics
ISSN: 0269-9206
ISSN-E: 1464-5076
ISSN-L: 0269-9206
Volume: 33
Issue: 9
Pages: 815 - 830
DOI: 10.1080/02699206.2019.1576770
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.1080/02699206.2019.1576770
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 6121 Languages
Subjects:
Funding: This work was supported by the Finnish Cultural Foundation; North Karelia Regional fund; Faculty of Humanities, University of Oulu.
Copyright information: This is an Accepted Manuscript version of the following article, accepted for publication in Clinical linguistics & Phonetics. Martikainen, A.-L., Savinainen-Makkonen, T., & Kunnari, S. (2019). Intra-word consistency and accuracy in Finnish children aged 3–6 years. Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, 33(9), 815–830. https://doi.org/10.1080/02699206.2019.1576770. It is deposited under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/