University of Oulu

M. N. Tahir, K. Mäenpää, T. Sukuvaara and P. Leviäkangas, "Deployment and Analysis of Cooperative Intelligent Transport System Pilot Service Alerts in Real Environment," in IEEE Open Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems, vol. 2, pp. 140-148, 2021, doi: 10.1109/OJITS.2021.3085569

Deployment and analysis of Cooperative Intelligent Transport System pilot service alerts in real environment

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Author: Tahir, Muhammad Naeem1; Mäenpää, Kari2; Sukuvaara, Timo2;
Organizations: 1Faculty of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering, University of Oulu, Oulu
2Intelligent Traffic Research Group, Finnish Meteorogical Institute, 00560 Helsinki, Finland
3Department of Infrastructure and Transport, University of Oulu, 90570 Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 5 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2021
Publish Date: 2021-09-17


The industry is providing vehicles with advanced features and technologies that allows vehicles to connect and communicate with their nearby environment. These technologies’ umbrella term, Cooperative Intelligent Transportation Systems (C-ITS) are aimed to enhance road traffic efficiency, safety and assist the drivers in multiple ways. The C-ITS communication system should be able to offer the functional benefits to different sets of use-cases, each having a particular sub-set of requirements. In this paper some of the relevant use-case scenarios utilizing road weather and traffic information are studied in terms of communication technology. The key requirements for C-ITS use-case scenarios are analyzed and an evaluation of the ITS-G5 protocol stack is performed. The performance of ITS-G5 in use-case scenarios is considered testing messages (alerts) on road weather and traffic information in realistic environments. The results indicate that the performance of ITS-G5 in tested use-case scenarios offers 90–98% success rate in the delivery of safety messages at a transmission frequency of 10Hz. Also, ITS-G5 delivers safety alerts with a minimum delay so that it satisfies the C-ITS use-case requirements in real environments. The C-ITS pilot platform also performs efficiently in terms of transmitting packets from a safe distance with minimum network latency and packet loss between vehicles and infrastructure. C-ITS pilot use-cases were tested on the platform developed and tailored by the Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI).

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Series: IEEE open journal of intelligent transportation systems
ISSN: 2687-7813
ISSN-E: 2687-7813
ISSN-L: 2687-7813
Volume: 2
Pages: 140 - 148
DOI: 10.1109/OJITS.2021.3085569
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
Copyright information: © The Author(s) 2021. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. For more information, see