University of Oulu

Alzeer MIM, Nguyen H, Cheeseman C and Kinnunen P (2021) Alkali-Activation of Synthetic Aluminosilicate Glass With Basaltic Composition. Front. Chem. 9:715052. doi: 10.3389/fchem.2021.715052

Alkali-activation of synthetic aluminosilicate glass with basaltic composition

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Author: Alzeer, Mohammad I. M.1; Nguyen, Hoang1; Cheeseman, Christopher2;
Organizations: 1Fibre and Particle Engineering Research Unit, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2UKCRIC Advanced Infrastructure Materials Laboratory, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 3.2 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Frontiers Media, 2021
Publish Date: 2021-09-20


Alkali-activated materials (AAMs) are a potential alternative to Portland cement because they can have high strength, good durability and low environmental impact. This paper reports on the structural and mechanical characteristics of aluminosilicate glass with basalt-like compositions, as a feedstock for AAMs. The alkali-activation kinetics, microstructure, and mechanical performance of the alkali activated glass were investigated. The results show that AAMs prepared from basalt glass have high compressive strength (reaching up to 90 MPa after 7 days of hydration) compared to those made using granulated blast furnace slag (GBFS). In addition, calorimetry data show that the hydrolysis of the developed glass and subsequent polymerization of the reaction product occur at a faster rate compared to GBFS. Furthermore, the obtained results show that the alkali activation of the developed glass formed sodium aluminosilicate hydrate (N-A-S-H) intermixed with Ca aluminosilicate hydrate gel (C-A-S-H), while the alkali activation of GBFS resulted in predominantly C-A-S-H gel. The developed glass can be formed from carbonate-free and abundant natural resources such as basalt rocks or mixtures of silicate minerals. Therefore, the glass reported herein has high potential as a new feedstock of AAMs.

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Series: Frontiers in chemistry
ISSN: 2296-2646
ISSN-E: 2296-2646
ISSN-L: 2296-2646
Volume: 9
Article number: 715052
DOI: 10.3389/fchem.2021.715052
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 116 Chemical sciences
Funding: MA is grateful for the support from University of Oulu Kvantum Institute strategic research funding. PK is grateful for the support from the University of Oulu and the Academy of Finland Profi5 (326291), as well as for the Academy of Finland grant no. 322085.
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 322085
Detailed Information: 322085 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © 2021 Alzeer, Nguyen, Cheeseman and Kinnunen. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.