University of Oulu

Kahila, J., Tedre, M., Kahila, S., Vartiainen, H., Valtonen, T., & Mäkitalo, K. (2021). Children’s gaming involves much more than the gaming itself: A study of the metagame among 12- to 15-year-old children. Convergence, 27(3), 768–786.

Children’s gaming involves much more than the gaming itself : a study of the metagame among 12- to 15-year-old children

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Author: Kahila, Juho1; Tedre, Matti1; Kahila, Sanni1;
Organizations: 1University of Eastern Finland, Finland
2University of Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.3 MB)
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Language: English
Published: SAGE Publications, 2021
Publish Date: 2021-10-11


In addition to gaming, there are many other activities around digital games. These metagame activities have so far been studied from the perspective of single metagame phenomena and rarely from the perspective of the children who play digital games. This exploratory, qualitative study provides an overview of children’s metagame activities. A total of 142 children’s essays and lists of their metagame activities were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The children’s metagame activities included game-enabling activities, strategizing activities, discussing activities, information-seeking activities, creating and sharing activities, and consuming activities. The results contribute to the body of literature on metagaming and provide an overview of children’s metagame activities around digital games, as well as new perspectives on digital games and learning.

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Series: Convergence
ISSN: 1354-8565
ISSN-E: 1748-7382
ISSN-L: 1354-8565
Volume: 27
Issue: 3
Pages: 768 - 786
DOI: 10.1177/1354856520979482
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 516 Educational sciences
Copyright information: © The Author(s) 2020. Published under a Creative Commons Attribution license. Article reuse guidelines: