Martinez-Calderon, C., Manninen, J.K., Manninen, J.T. et al. A review of unusual VLF bursty-patches observed in Northern Finland for Earth, Planets and Space. Earth Planets Space 73, 191 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40623-021-01516-y
A review of unusual VLF bursty-patches observed in Northern Finland for Earth, Planets and Space
|Author:||Martinez‑Calderon, Claudia1; Manninen, Jyrki K.2; Manninen, Jemina T.2;|
1Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya, Japan
2Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory, Sodankylä, Finland
|Online Access:||PDF Full Text (PDF, 5.2 MB)|
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2021102552130
|Publish Date:|| 2021-10-25
Using numerical filtering techniques allowing us to reduce noise from sferics, we are able to clearly study a new type of differently structured very low frequency (VLF) radio waves above f = 4 kHz at the ground station of Kannuslehto in northern Finland (KAN, MLAT = 64.4°N, L = 5.5). These emissions are intriguing, since they are detected at frequencies above half the electron gyrofrequency in the equatorial plane (fce) for the L-shell of Kannuslehto (fce ~ 5–6 kHz). They are commonly observed at Kannuslehto, but have also been infrequently reported at other stations, sometimes under different names. Their possible common origin and manner of propagation is still under investigation. This paper unifies the nomenclature by regrouping all these waves detected at frequencies higher than the local equatorial 0.5 fce at the L-shell of observation under the name of VLF bursty-patches. While these waves have different spectral features, they appeared mostly composed of hiss bursts with durations of a few seconds to several minutes. They also show periodic features with varying periodicity and shape. They are sometimes characterized by single bursts covering very large frequency ranges of several kHz. We also give a review of the different characteristics of VLF bursty-patches observed at Kannuslehto, which at the moment, is the station with the highest observation rate. We present recent observations between 2019 and 2021.
Earth, planets and space
|Type of Publication:||
A2 Review article in a scientific journal
|Field of Science:||
115 Astronomy and space science
The instrumentation and data analysis are entirely funded by the Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory and the University of Oulu. CMC benefited from an ArcI International Visiting Grants from the University of Oulu that funded travel to Finland to work with the data in-situ. CMC research and analysis is funded by Nagoya University and the PWING project (JSPS 16H06286).
All the VLF data from KAN is available as quick-plots at https://www.sgo.fi/pub_vlf/. Any additional data in other formats can be requested by contacting the PI of the instrument Jyrki Manninen.
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