University of Oulu

Methuen, M., Kauppinen, S., Suominen, A.L. et al. Dental caries among Finnish teenagers participating in physical activity and diet intervention: association with anthropometrics and behavioural factors. BMC Oral Health 21, 333 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12903-021-01690-1

Dental caries among Finnish teenagers participating in physical activity and diet intervention : association with anthropometrics and behavioural factors

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Author: Methuen, Mirja1,2,3; Kauppinen, Sofia1; Suominen, Anna Liisa1,2;
Organizations: 1Institute of Dentistry, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, P.O. Box 1627, 70211, Kuopio, Finland
2Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland
3Medical Research Center, Oulu University Hospital and University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
4Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, School of Medicine, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland
5Institute of Biomedicine, School of Medicine, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland
6Department of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland
7Kuopio Research Institute of Exercise Medicine, Kuopio, Finland
8Infrastructure for Population Studies, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
9Research Unit of Oral Health Sciences, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1 MB)
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2021102852762
Language: English
Published: Springer Nature, 2021
Publish Date: 2021-10-28
Description:

Abstract

Background: An association between childhood anthropometric measurements and dental caries is conflicting. The prevalence and severity of dental caries and its association with anthropometric and behavioural factors, were investigated among Finnish teenagers.

Methods: The study sample comprised 202 15–17-year-old participants in the Physical Activity and Nutrition in Children (PANIC) Study. Dental caries findings were recorded using International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) criteria, including activity estimation; numbers of decayed teeth (DT) and decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) were recorded. Body weight, height and waist circumference were measured and respective body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Body fat percentage was assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Health-related behaviours and consumption of food and drinks were assessed using questionnaires, and intake of nutrients using a 4-day food record.

Results: Mean DMFT for all the participants was 2.4 (SD = 2.9), DT 0.6 (SD = 1.3), and 36% had DMFT = 0. No difference between genders was observed. In bivariate analyses, use of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) three times or less per week and not having used snuff associated significantly, whereas higher carbohydrate intake (E%), toothbrushing less often than twice a day and higher caries experience at baseline almost significantly with DT > 0. In adjusted regression analyses, frequent use of SSB and higher carbohydrate intake increased the odds for DT > 0. Additionally, higher carbohydrate intake (E%) and infrequent tooth brushing significantly associated with a higher number of DT.

Conclusion: Caries prevalence is still low and similar in Finnish teenage girls and boys. Behavioural factors are, but anthropometric factors are not associated with dental caries.

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Series: BMC oral health
ISSN: 1472-6831
ISSN-E: 1472-6831
ISSN-L: 1472-6831
Volume: 21
Issue: 1
Article number: 333
DOI: 10.1186/s12903-021-01690-1
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.1186/s12903-021-01690-1
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 313 Dentistry
Subjects:
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