University of Oulu

Laru, L., Ronkainen, H., & Vaarala, M. H. (2021). Transition to Targeted Therapies Improved the Prognosis and Increased the Utilization of Medical Treatments among Patients with Synchronous Metastatic Renal Cell Cancer. International Journal of Surgical Oncology (Vol. 2021, pp. 1–7). Hindawi Limited. https://doi.org/10.1155/2021/5237695

Transition to targeted therapies improved the prognosis and increased the utilization of medical treatments among patients with synchronous metastatic renal cell cancer

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Author: Laru, Lauri1; Ronkainen, Hanna1; Vaarala, Markku H.1
Organizations: 1Department of Surgery, Medical Research Center Oulu, Oulu University Hospital, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 21, 90029 OYS, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.2 MB)
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2021110253252
Language: English
Published: Hindawi, 2021
Publish Date: 2021-11-02
Description:

Abstract

Since the introduction of targeted therapies (TTs) for metastatic renal cell cancer (mRCC) in 2005, a limited amount of epidemiological data on efficacy of modern drug therapies for synchronous mRCC has been published. We present a comprehensive nationwide cohort including all cases of primarily metastasized renal cell cancer among adults diagnosed between 2005 and 2010, based on data from the Finnish Cancer Registry and patient records from treating hospitals. Applied treatment protocols and survival outcomes were analyzed. A total of 977 patients were included in the analysis; 499 patients were diagnosed between 2005 and 2007 and 478 patients were diagnosed between 2008 and 2010. The median overall survival (OS) was 8.80 months (95% confidence interval (CI): 7.60–10.02). The median OS of the patients diagnosed at the latter era was significantly better (11.1; 95% CI: 8.8–13.4 vs. 7.0; 95% CI: 5.7–8.3 months, p ≤ 0.001). A total number of 524 (53.8%) patients received drug therapy. Altogether, TTs including tyrosine kinase inhibitors, mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors (mTORi), and vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitor covered 331 (63.2%) of first-line treatments, whereas interferon and its combinations with chemotherapy were used for 186 (35.5%) patients. The median OS rates for TT and interferon as first-line therapy groups were 19.9 (16.9–22.8) and 14.9 (12.3–17.4) months, respectively. The OS for patients who did not receive drug therapy after cytoreductive nephrectomy was dismal. We found that the OS estimate of mRCC patients in Finland has improved since the introduction of tyrosine kinase inhibitors. However, the prognosis remains poor for frail, elderly patients with an impaired performance status.

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Series: International journal of surgical oncology
ISSN: 2090-1402
ISSN-E: 2090-1410
ISSN-L: 2090-1402
Volume: 2021
Pages: 1 - 7
Article number: 5237695
DOI: 10.1155/2021/5237695
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.1155/2021/5237695
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 3122 Cancers
Subjects:
Funding: This work was supported in part by the Finnish Urological Association to Lauri Laru.
Copyright information: © 2021 Lauri Laru et al. )is is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License,which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/