University of Oulu

Aro, T.; Laitala, M.-L.; Vähänikkilä, H.; Kyngäs, H.; Tiisanoja, A.; Syrjälä, A.-M. Developing an Instrument to Measure Self-Efficacy, Challenges and Knowledge in Oral Care among Geriatric Home Care Nurses—A Pilot Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 10019. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph181910019

Developing an instrument to measure self-efficacy, challenges and knowledge in oral care among geriatric home care nurses : a pilot study

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Author: Aro, Taru1; Laitala, Marja-Liisa1,2; Vähänikkilä, Hannu3;
Organizations: 1Research Unit of Oral Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oulu, 90014 Oulu, Finland
2Medical Research Centre Oulu, Oulu University Hospital, University of Oulu, 90014 Oulu, Finland
3Northern Finland Birth Cohorts, Arctic Biobank, Infrastructure for Population Studies, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oulu, 90014 Oulu, Finland
4Research Unit of Nursing Science and Health Management, Oulu University Hospital, 90014 Oulu, Finland
5Periodontology and Geriatric Dentistry, Research Unit of Oral Health Sciences, University of Oulu, 90014 Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.3 MB)
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2021111755767
Language: English
Published: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2021
Publish Date: 2021-11-17
Description:

Abstract

The role of geriatric nurses is essential in preventing oral health problems of older people with impaired daily functioning. Nurses have reported low self-efficacy with regard to oral health care practices and wish to receive more information on the topic. The main aim of this pilot study was to develop an instrument to measure the self-efficacy beliefs, challenges and knowledge of geriatric home care nurses with regard to the oral health care of older. A questionnaire was developed to evaluate geriatric home care nurses’ self-efficacy beliefs, challenges and knowledge regarding the oral health care of the older people. In this case, 18 nurses participated in a one-day intervention and filled in the questionnaire before and after the intervention. The comments and questions of the nurses were analysed utilising the principles of inductive content analysis. Cronbach’s alpha for the scales varied between 0.69–0.79. The interactive intervention improved both nurses’ self-efficacy beliefs and oral health-related knowledge, and most of the challenges faced by nurses in older people’s oral health care were diminished. Financial resources and older people’s self-determination were the most common limitations to oral care. In this pilot study, we developed an instrument to measure geriatric home care nurses’ self-efficacy beliefs, challenges and knowledge regarding older people’s oral health care. In the future, this instrument can be validated with a larger study population.

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Series: International journal of environmental research and public health
ISSN: 1661-7827
ISSN-E: 1660-4601
ISSN-L: 1661-7827
Volume: 18
Issue: 19
Article number: 19
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph181910019
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.3390/ijerph181910019
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 316 Nursing
313 Dentistry
Subjects:
Funding: Finnish Dental Society Apollonia supported with personal grant (TA, grant number 20210017).
Copyright information: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
  https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/