University of Oulu

Rönkkö, P.; Ayati, S.M.; Majava, J. Remanufacturing in the Heavy Vehicle Industry—Case Study of a Finnish Machine Manufacturer. Sustainability 2021, 13, 11120.

Remanufacturing in the heavy vehicle industry : case study of a Finnish machine manufacturer

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Author: Rönkkö, Pasi1; Ayati, Sayed Mohammad1; Majava, Jukka1
Organizations: 1Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 4610, 90014 Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.4 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2021
Publish Date: 2021-11-18


This study analyses remanufacturing operations of a Finnish heavy vehicle manufacturer with global operations. The company has remanufactured and refurbished certain components for a decade in a centralised remanufacturing and recycling centre in Finland, but it has encountered significant challenges, especially in reverse logistics. The company considers regional remanufacturing to decrease these disadvantages. The purpose of this study is to analyse the characteristics, challenges and benefits of regional remanufacturing by reviewing the relevant literature and analysing the empirical data, including a survey for international subsidiaries of the case company to determine regional needs. As a result, we have identified significant benefits, especially related to minimised logistics costs and better availability of the components, but also challenges, such as lack of resources, and insufficient economies of scale.

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Series: Sustainability
ISSN: 2071-1050
ISSN-E: 2071-1050
ISSN-L: 2071-1050
Volume: 13
Issue: 19
Article number: 11120
DOI: 10.3390/su131911120
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 222 Other engineering and technologies
Copyright information: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (