University of Oulu

Jauhiainen, LM, Ylöstalo, PV, Knuuttila, M, Männistö, S, Kanerva, N, Suominen, AL. Poor diet predicts periodontal disease development in 11-year follow-up study. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2020; 48: 143– 151. https://doi.org/10.1111/cdoe.12513

Poor diet predicts periodontal disease development in 11-year follow-up study

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Author: Jauhiainen, Leena Maria1,2; Ylöstalo, Pekka Viljo3,4; Knuuttila, Matti3;
Organizations: 1Institute of Dentistry, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland
2City of Kuopio, Health Centre, Oral Health Care Services
3Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
4Unit of Oral Health Sciences, Medical Research Center Oulu (MRC Oulu), Oulu University Hospital and University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
5Department of Public Health Promotion, Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
6Department of Public Health and Department of Food and Nutrition, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
7Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland
8Public Health Evaluation and Projection Unit, Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.4 MB)
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2021111856029
Language: English
Published: John Wiley & Sons, 2019
Publish Date: 2019-12-23
Description:

Abstract

Objective: To study whether diets based on the Nordic food culture and dietary recommendations are related to periodontal disease development.

Methods: The data were based on the Health 2000 and 2011 Surveys (BRIF8901). The participants were aged 30‐49 in 2000, periodontally healthy, without diabetes or rheumatoid arthritis. Analyses were made in the total study population (n = 240) and among nonsmokers (n = 193) in 2011. Periodontal condition was determined in a clinical examination, and the number of teeth with deepened (≥4 mm) periodontal pockets in 2011 was used as an outcome. The diet was measured using a validated food frequency questionnaire and the quality of the diet using the Baltic Sea Diet Score (BSDS) and the Recommended Finnish Diet Score (RFDS) in 2000. Incidence rate ratios (IRRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using Poisson regression models.

Results: Low scores (indicating poor diet) in both the BSDS and the RFDS were associated with the development of deepened periodontal pockets. Among nonsmokers, the associations between low dietary scores and the number of teeth with deepened periodontal pockets were stronger than among the whole study population.

Conclusions: Among middle-aged adults, poor-quality diet appears to be associated with the development of periodontal disease.

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Series: Community dentistry and oral epidemiology
ISSN: 0301-5661
ISSN-E: 1600-0528
ISSN-L: 0301-5661
Volume: 48
Issue: 2
Pages: 143 - 151
DOI: 10.1111/cdoe.12513
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.1111/cdoe.12513
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 313 Dentistry
Subjects:
Funding: The present study is part of the Health 2000 and 2011 Surveys, organized by the Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare (THL) and partly supported by the Finnish Dental Society Apollonia, the Finnish Dental Association and the Unit of Oral Sciences, University of Oulu, Finland. Personal grants to Leena Jauhiainen from the Finnish Dental Society Apollonia and the Olvi-foundation are acknowledged.
Copyright information: © 2019 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Jauhiainen, LM, Ylöstalo, PV, Knuuttila, M, Männistö, S, Kanerva, N, Suominen, AL. Poor diet predicts periodontal disease development in 11-year follow-up study. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2020; 48: 143– 151, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/cdoe.12513. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.