University of Oulu

Mironova, I.; Kovaltsov G.; Mishev, A.; Artamonov A. Ionization in the Earth’s Atmosphere Due to Isotropic Energetic Electron Precipitation: Ion Production and Primary Electron Spectra. Remote Sens. 2021, 13, 4161.

Ionization in the Earth’s atmosphere due to isotropic energetic electron precipitation : ion production and primary electron spectra

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Author: Mironova, Irina1; Kovaltsov, Gennadiy2; Mishev, Alexander3;
Organizations: 1Department of Physics of Earth, St. Petersburg State University, 199034 St. Petersburg, Russia
2Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute, 194021 St. Petersburg, Russia
3Geophysical Observatory, University of Oulu, 90570 Oulu, Finland
4Institute of Biomedical Problems of the RAS, 123007 Moscow, Russia
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.9 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2021
Publish Date: 2021-11-30


Energetic electron precipitation (EEP) via atmospheric ion production rates is a natural force acting on the atmosphere and climate systems. The correct estimation of EEP ion production and spectra for the computation of ionization rates is an important issue for estimating climate forces. In the present paper, we propose a favorable method for the computation of ionization rates forced by EEP using the new parameterization of ion production and a new spectrum shape, which allow one to take into account the range of precipitating particles from tens of keV to several MeV. A new function of spectral fit will also be helpful in obtaining information about EEP from satellite and balloon observations. Presented here, the parameterization of atmospheric ionization in the Earth’s atmosphere includes a new yield function of isotropically precipitating monoenergetic electrons and ionization via Bremsstrahlung radiation. Look-up tables with ion production/yield function for isotropically precipitating monoenergetic electrons (30 keV–5 MeV) can be easily used for the computation of ionization rates and can further be used by atmospheric and chemistry-climate models for accurate quantification of atmospheric parameters during energetic electron precipitation.

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Series: Remote sensing
ISSN: 2072-4292
ISSN-E: 2072-4292
ISSN-L: 2072-4292
Volume: 13
Issue: 20
Article number: 4161
DOI: 10.3390/rs13204161
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 115 Astronomy and space science
Funding: I.M.’s work on the paper’s idea, yield functions, visualization and preparation of the paper was supported by a grant from the Russian Science Foundation (Project RSF 20-67-46016). The work of A.A. was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (Project RFBR 20-55-12020). The work on spectra preparation was conducted by I.M. in the SPBU “Ozone Layer and Upper Atmosphere Research Laboratory” supported by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation under agreement 075-15- 2021-583. A.M. acknowledges support by the Academy of Finland (Project 330064 QUASARE).
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 330064
Detailed Information: 330064 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (