University of Oulu

Tomperi, Päivi; Kvivesen, Mona (2021) In-service and Preservice Teachers’ Conceptions of Nature of Science. In: Clausen, Sören W.; Daugbjerg, Peer; Nielsen, Birgitte L.; Sillasen, Martin K.; Rebsdorf, Simon (eds.) Proceedings of the 12th Nordic Research Symposium on Science Education, June 1st-2nd, Aarhus, Denmark, (pp. 185-192), Aarhus: VIA University College.

In-service and preservice teachers’ conceptions of nature of science

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Author: Tomperi, Päivi1; Kvivesen, Mona2
Organizations: 1Department of Education, University of Oulu, Finland
2Department of Education, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Alta, Norway
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.3 MB)
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Language: English
Published: VIA University College, 2021
Publish Date: 2021-12-03


Nature of science (NOS) is an important component of scientific literacy. Science teachers can have naïve conceptions and misconceptions of NOS which is detrimental to their students’ science learning. The aim of research was to examine in-service and preservice science and mathematics teachers’ understanding of NOS conceptions using open-ended VNOS-B instrument online anonymously. 13 in-service teachers from Finland, Norway, and Russia and 21 preservice teachers from Finland participated in the research which was organized in the context of the international BeTech! project seminar in Finland in September 2019. Qualitative analysis of data from the questionnaire indicated that the conceptions of NOS were adequate in two aspects of NOS: tentative nature of scientific knowledge and creativity of scientists. Understanding the distinction between scientific theory and law, and theory-laden nature of scientific knowledge was interpreted naïve in both groups. The results of in-service and preservice teachers were very similar showing that the practice of teaching profession does not implicitly improve teacher’s understanding of NOS. In-service and preservice training using explicit reflective instruction is necessary to raise the awareness of the importance to teach NOS at schools, and to increase in-service and preservice teachers’ pedagogical content knowledge with respect to teaching NOS.

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ISBN: 978-87-995920-4-3
Pages: 185 - 192
Host publication: Proceedings of the 12th Nordic Research Symposium on Science Education, June 1st-2nd, Aarhus, Denmark
Host publication editor: Clausen, Søren W.
Daugbjerg, Peer
Nielsen, Birgitte L.
Sillasen, Martin K.
Rebsdorf, Simon O.
Conference: Nordic Research Symposium on Science Education
Type of Publication: A4 Article in conference proceedings
Field of Science: 516 Educational sciences
Funding: The project is funded by the Kolarctic CBC, EU, Russia, Norway, and Finland.
Copyright information: © 2021 The Authors and VIA University College.