University of Oulu

Kulkarni, V., Walia, J., Hämmäinen, H., Yrjölä, S., Matinmikko-Blue, M. and Jurva, R. (2021), "Local 5G services on campus premises: scenarios for a make 5G or buy 5G decision", Digital Policy, Regulation and Governance, Vol. 23 No. 4, pp. 337-354.

Local 5G services on campus premises : scenarios for a make 5G or buy 5G decision

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Author: Kulkarni, Venkatesh1; Walia, Jaspreet1; Hämmäinen, Heikki1;
Organizations: 1Department of Communications and Networking, Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland
2Centre for Wireless Communications, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
3Nokia Oy, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 2.8 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Emerald, 2021
Publish Date: 2021-12-08


Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to build possible future scenarios for indoor connectivity in a venue such as a university campus and build alternative value network configurations (VNCs) defining different local network deployment options, focused on the Finnish telecom market.

Design/methodology/approach: In this paper, Schoemaker’s scenario planning method (Schoemaker, 1995) is used to construct future scenarios and the VNC method of Casey et al. (2010) is used to build alternative VNCs. The paper studies the Aalto University campus network for current end-user data usage demand and the existing technology used in meeting the end-user needs and forecasts the demand for the next five years to understand the need for 5G.

Findings: This research concludes that with the provision of local spectrum licenses, there is an opportunity for venue owners to take the role of 5G local operator on the venue premises. Furthermore, it enables venue owners to collaborate with the incumbent mobile network operators (MNOs) in a neutral host model and provide venue-specific connectivity services.

Research limitations/implications: A detailed economic assessment for the network deployment in the campus is considered for future study.

Originality/value: Considering the provision for local spectrum licenses, this paper has taken a unique attempt in identifying the future scenarios for local 5G network operations. It provides a strategic direction for the venue owners in adopting 5G technology and whether to make 5G or buy 5G from MNOs.

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Series: Digital policy, regulation and governance
ISSN: 2398-5038
ISSN-E: 2398-5046
ISSN-L: 2398-5038
Volume: 23
Issue: 4
Pages: 337 - 354
DOI: 10.1108/DPRG-12-2020-0178
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
Copyright information: © 2021, Venkatesh Kulkarni, Jaspreet Walia, Heikki Hämmäinen, Seppo Yrjölä, Marja Matinmikko-Blue and Risto Jurva. Published by Emerald Publishing Limited. This article is published under the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0) licence. Anyone may reproduce, distribute, translate and create derivative works of this article (for both commercial and non-commercial purposes), subject to full attribution to the original publication and authors. The full terms of this licence may be seen at