University of Oulu

Wang, P., Gu, X., Kuritani, T., Hanski, E., Xia, Q. (2021) Highly variable H2O/Ce ratios in the Hainan mantle plume. Lithos, 406-407, 106516.

Highly variable H₂O/Ce ratios in the Hainan mantle plume

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Author: Wang, Piao-Yi1; Gu, Xiao-Yan2; Kuritani, Takeshi3;
Organizations: 1School of Earth and Space Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China
2School of Earth Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
3Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University, 060-0810, Japan
4Oulu Mining School, University of Oulu, P. O. Box 3000, 90014 Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: embargoed
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Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2021
Publish Date: 2023-10-26


Mantle plume-generated basalts have long been utilized to assess the large-scale heterogeneity of the deep mantle. Their chemical and isotopic enrichment has been thought to result from the incorporation of recycled sediments or oceanic crust in their sources. Variable extents of dehydration or rehydration of recycled materials during subduction can induce different H₂O/Ce ratios in plume-related basalts. The Hainan plume has been regarded as the cause of the massive Cenozoic basaltic volcanism in southeastern Asia. In this study, we measured bulk-rock major and trace element compositions of basalts from a volcano at Heishanling Hill, northern Hainan Island, and made FTIR analyses of water in clinopyroxene phenocrysts to determine magmatic water contents. In addition, we determined Sr-Nd isotope compositions of basalts at Heishanling Hill and other three localities.

Water contents of Cpx phenocrysts vary from 20 to 254 ppm, which were used to calculate the water contents in the corresponding equilibrated melts, yielding values from 0.22 to 2.42 wt% with an average of 1.07 ± 0.47 wt%. Considering the effect of magma differentiation on water contents, the primary melts of Heishanling basalts were estimated to have a range of 0.67–1.40 wt% for individual Heishanling basalts, with the average of 1.03 ± 0.33 wt%. The calculated water contents in the mantle source of the Heishanling basalts vary from 279 to 582 ppm, falling in the range of global OIBs.

Combined with the results previously reported, H₂O/Ce ratios of Hainan basalts were estimated to vary from 50 to 425, covering the reported range from EM-type OIBs to NMORBs. The enriched Sr-Nd isotopic compositions of the studied samples resemble those of other Hainan plume-related basalts, and their ¹⁴³Nd/¹⁴⁴Nd ratios are well correlated with incompatible trace element ratios (e.g., Th/La, Ba/Nb). Bulk-rock compositions are consistent with a contribution of pyroxenite in the mantle source of the Hainan basalts and mixing modeling suggests coupled contribution of recycled sediment and oceanic crust. H₂O/Ce displays a negative correlation with ¹⁴³Nd/¹⁴⁴Nd and a positive correlation with (Rb/Nb)ₙ and (Th/La)ₙ, meaning that an increasing amount of recycled oceanic crust and sediment in the source increases its H₂O/Ce. The recycled material incorporated in the Hainan plume source may have undergone variable degrees of dehydration or deep rehydration by fluids released from subcrustal hydrous minerals at grater depths during subduction.

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Series: Lithos
ISSN: 0024-4937
ISSN-E: 1872-6143
ISSN-L: 0024-4937
Volume: 406–407
Article number: 106516
DOI: 10.1016/j.lithos.2021.106516
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 1171 Geosciences
Funding: This study was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant nos. 41630205 and 41702046) and the Strategic Priority Research Program (B) of Chinese Academy of Sciences (grant no. XDB18000000).
Copyright information: © 2021 Elsevier B.V. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license