University of Oulu

Dawid Szwedowski, Jarosław Ambroży, Radosław Grabowski, Ignacio Dallo, Ali Mobasheri, Diagnosis and treatment of the most common neuropathies following knee injuries and reconstructive surgery – A narrative review, Heliyon, Volume 7, Issue 9, 2021, e08032, ISSN 2405-8440,

Diagnosis and treatment of the most common neuropathies following knee injuries and reconstructive surgery : a narrative review

Saved in:
Author: Szwedowski, Dawid1; Ambroży, Jarosław2; Grabowski, Radosław1,3;
Organizations: 1Orthopaedic Arthroscopic Surgery International (OASI) Bioresearch Foundation, Milan, Italy
2Lesser Poland Orthopedic and Rehabilitation Hospital, Krakow, Poland
3Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland
4Department of Regenerative Medicine, State Research Institute Centre for Innovative Medicine, Vilnius, Lithuania
5Research Unit of Medical Imaging, Physics and Technology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
6Departments of Orthopedics, Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, the Netherlands
7Department of Joint Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.3 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2021
Publish Date: 2021-12-13


The main nerves in the knee region are the tibial nerve, the common peroneal nerve, and the saphenous nerve. These three nerves innervate the lower leg and foot, providing sensory and motor function. The large sciatic nerve splits just above the knee to form the tibial and common peroneal nerves. The tibial nerve travels down in the posterior region, while the common peroneal nerve runs around the lateral side of the knee and runs down the front of the leg to the foot. Although all these nerves can be affected by injuries of the knee, the infrapatellar branch of the saphenous nerve (IPBSN) and the common peroneal nerve (CPN) are most affected. In this narrative review we focus on neuropathies associated with nerves located in the region of the knee joint in the context of their injuries and possible iatrogenic damage during reconstructive surgery.

see all

Series: Heliyon
ISSN: 2405-8440
ISSN-E: 2405-8440
ISSN-L: 2405-8440
Volume: 7
Issue: 9
Article number: e08032
DOI: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e08032
Type of Publication: A2 Review article in a scientific journal
Field of Science: 3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
3126 Surgery, anesthesiology, intensive care, radiology
Copyright information: © 2021 Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (