University of Oulu

Aku Visuri, Jonatan Hamberg, Ella Peltonen, Exploring the effects of below-freezing temperatures on smartphone usage, Pervasive and Mobile Computing, Volume 79, 2022, 101509, ISSN 1574-1192,

Exploring the effects of below-freezing temperatures on smartphone usage

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Author: Visuri, Aku1; Hamberg, Jonatan2; Peltonen, Ella1
Organizations: 1Center for Ubiquitous Computing, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 4500, FI-90014, Finland
2Department of Computer Science, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 64, FI-00014, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 2.7 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2022
Publish Date: 2021-12-17


While the use of smartphones in extreme temperatures does not necessarily occur every day nor in all parts of the world, numerous use cases can be highlighted where the use of smartphones in cold temperatures is mandatory. Modern smartphones are designed to function in a wide range of temperatures, but when exposed to extreme cold temperatures the performance and reliability can significantly suffer. This paper presents a controlled laboratory experiment, using a clinical cold chamber to expose seven smartphone models to both medium cold (0 °C to −20 °C) and extreme cold (−30 °C) environments. The results showcase the smartphones’ sensing software’s lack of awareness of the cold environment, as well as reliability issues in the form of device crashes across the whole range of tested devices. We present a strategy for implementing monitoring application designs to both appropriately sense the effect of cold environments, as well as predicting device shutdowns in extreme cold.

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Series: Pervasive and mobile computing
ISSN: 1574-1192
ISSN-E: 1873-1589
ISSN-L: 1574-1192
Volume: 79
Article number: 101509
DOI: 10.1016/j.pmcj.2021.101509
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 113 Computer and information sciences
Copyright information: © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (