University of Oulu

Seppo Borenius, Heikki Hämmäinen, Matti Lehtonen, Petri Ahokangas, Smart grid evolution and mobile communications—Scenarios on the Finnish power grid, Electric Power Systems Research, Volume 199, 2021, 107367, ISSN 0378-7796,

Smart grid evolution and mobile communications : scenarios on the Finnish power grid

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Author: Borenius, Seppo1; Hämmäinen, Heikki1; Lehtonen, Matti2;
Organizations: 1Aalto University, Department of Communications and Networking, Espoo, Finland
2Aalto University, Department of Electrical Engineering and Automation, Espoo, Finland
3Oulu University, Oulu Business School, Martti Ahtisaari Institute, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 2.4 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2021
Publish Date: 2022-01-05


This paper focuses on the evolution of the Finnish power grid until 2035 and the role of mobile communications networks in this evolution. It outlines alternative futures (i.e. scenarios) and identifies the role of mobile communications networks in these scenarios. The paper uses an established scenario planning process and a group of experts to determine three scenarios for the evolution of services offered to customers in a future electricity system and four scenarios describing the evolution of grid management. Finally, the role of mobile communications (cellular networks) is analyzed in each of the scenarios. Results show that mobile networks can serve as a key enabler in those scenarios where smart grid evolution would be the most transformative.

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Series: Electric power systems research
ISSN: 0378-7796
ISSN-E: 1873-2046
ISSN-L: 0378-7796
Volume: 199
Article number: 107367
DOI: 10.1016/j.epsr.2021.107367
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
Funding: This work was supported in part by the Finnish public funding agency for research, Business Finland under the project “5G VIIMA”, grant number 6430/31/2018. 5G VIIMA is part of 5G Test Network Finland (5GTNF).
Copyright information: © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (