University of Oulu

Tohmola, A., Saarnio, R., Mikkonen, K., Kyngäs, H., & Elo, S. (2021). Competencies relevant for gerontological nursing: Focus-group interviews with professionals in the nursing of older people. Nordic Journal of Nursing Research.

Competencies relevant for gerontological nursing : focus-group interviews with professionals in the nursing of older people

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Author: Tohmola, Anniina1,2; Saarnio, Reetta3; Mikkonen, Kristina2;
Organizations: 1Lapland University of Applied Sciences, Finland
2Research Unit of Nursing Science and Health Management, University of Oulu, Finland
3Oulu University of Applied Sciences, Finland
4University Hospital of Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.1 MB)
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Language: English
Published: SAGE Publications, 2021
Publish Date: 2021-10-01


Older people are present in a variety of nursing settings and have distinct care needs. Evidence about the competencies required is crucial when developing the profession. The aim of the study was to describe competence areas relevant in gerontological nursing. A qualitative, descriptive study design was used with 27 participants included. Finnish gerontological nursing professionals who worked at several healthcare organizations and in education were interviewed in five focus-group interviews. The interviews were carried out between October 2017 and February 2018 and were analyzed using inductive content analysis. The study is reported according to SRQR guidelines. Analysis indicated four main competence areas for gerontological nursing: clinical nursing competence; competence in promoting health and well-being; interaction competence; and ethical competence. Registered nurses (RNs) must possess multiple competencies when caring for older people which should be taken into account in nursing and education.

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Series: Nordic journal of nursing research
ISSN: 2057-1585
ISSN-E: 2057-1593
ISSN-L: 2057-1585
DOI: 10.1177/20571585211030421
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 316 Nursing
Funding: The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: The Finnish Nursing Education Foundation, Finnish Nurses’ Association.
Copyright information: © The Author(s) 2021. The final publication is available at