Mikkonen, K., Utsumi, M., Tuomikoski, A.-M., Tomietto, M., Kaučič, B. M., Riklikiene, O., Vizcaya-Moreno, F., Nakaoka, A., Yamakawa, M., Inoue, M., Yayama, S., Pérez-Cañaveras, R. M., Filej, B., & Kääriäinen, M. (2021). Mentoring of nursing students—A comparative study of Japan and five European countries. Japan Journal of Nursing Science, e12461. https://doi.org/10.1111/jjns.12461
Mentoring of nursing students : a comparative study of Japan and five European countries
|Author:||Mikkonen, Kristina1; Utsumi, Momoe2; Tuomikoski, Anna-Maria1,3;|
1Research Unit of Nursing Science and Health Management, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2Division of Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, Suita City, Japan
3Oulu University of Applied Science, Oulu, Finland
4College of Nursing in Celje, Institute of Nursing Research, Celje, Slovenia
5Faculty of Nursing, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania
6Nursing Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Alicante
7Faculty of Nursing, Kobe Women's University, Kobe, Japan
8Hyogo University of Health Sciences, Faculty of Nursing, Kobe, Japan
9Faculty of Nursing, Graduate School of Nursing, Kansai Medical University, Osaka, Japan
10Research Unit of Nursing Science and Health Management, University of Oulu, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe202201111773
John Wiley & Sons,
|Publish Date:|| 2022-11-25
Aims: This study aimed to explore mentoring competence in nursing student mentors during clinical practice by identifying different mentor profiles and connections between different competence areas among five European countries and Japan.
Methods: The study implemented a cross-sectional design in Finland, Italy, Lithuania, Slovenia, Spain, and Japan during 2016 and 2019. In total, 6208 mentors were invited, and 1862 participated from 58 healthcare organizations. The data were collected with a survey questionnaire by including background question items with the Mentor Competence Instrument. K-clustering and structural equation modeling were used for data analysis.
Results: Four mentor profiles, A (43%), B (30%), C (18%), and D (9%), were identified according to the seven mentoring competence areas with high statistical significance (p < 0.001). Higher mentoring competence (mean >3.50) was observed among Finnish, Lithuanian, and Slovenian mentors with university education in nursing, older ages, more work experience, and previous education in mentoring. Lower competence (mean <2.49) was observed among Japanese and Italian mentors with diplomas in nursing, younger ages, less work experience, and no previous education in mentoring.
Conclusions: Mentoring requires motivated, highly competent mentors since mentoring is a critical aspect of nursing education. Mentoring roles should be given to nurses with higher education and mentoring training. Younger, less experienced nurses without formal mentoring training may need support from senior nurses when performing mentoring roles and could also facilitate a more balanced workload between patient care and mentoring for senior nurses.
Japan journal of nursing science
|Type of Publication:||
A1 Journal article – refereed
|Field of Science:||
We would like to acknowledge European Commission, Erasmus+, KA2: Strategic partnership for providing part of funding for this manuscript in the project Quality mentorship for developing competent nursing students (QualMent).
© 2021 Japan Academy of Nursing Science. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Mikkonen, K., Utsumi, M., Tuomikoski, A.-M., Tomietto, M., Kaučič, B. M., Riklikiene, O., Vizcaya-Moreno, F., Nakaoka, A., Yamakawa, M., Inoue, M., Yayama, S., Pérez-Cañaveras, R. M., Filej, B., & Kääriäinen, M. (2021). Mentoring of nursing students—A comparative study of Japan and five European countries. Japan Journal of Nursing Science, e12461, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/jjns.12461. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions. This article may not be enhanced, enriched or otherwise transformed into a derivative work, without express permission from Wiley or by statutory rights under applicable legislation. Copyright notices must not be removed, obscured or modified. The article must be linked to Wiley’s version of record on Wiley Online Library and any embedding, framing or otherwise making available the article or pages thereof by third parties from platforms, services and websites other than Wiley Online Library must be prohibited.