University of Oulu

Evengård, B., Destouni, G., Kalantari, Z., Albihn, A., Björkman, C., Bylund, H., . . . Orlov, D. (2021). Healthy ecosystems for human and animal health: Science diplomacy for responsible development in the Arctic: The Nordic Centre of Excellence, (Climate-change effects on the epidemiology of infectious diseases and the impacts on Northern societies). Polar Record, 57, E39. doi:10.1017/S0032247421000589

Healthy ecosystems for human and animal health : science diplomacy for responsible development in the Arctic

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Author: Evengård, B.1; Destouni, G.2; Kalantari, Z.2,3;
Organizations: 1Department of Clinical Microbiology, Umeå University, 901 87 Umeå, Sweden
2Department of Physical Geography, and Bolin Centre for Climate Research, Stockholm University, 106 91, Stockholm, Sweden
3Department of Sustainable Development, Environmental Science and Engineering, Sustainability Assessment and Management, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 100 44, Stockholm, Sweden
4Department of Chemistry, Environment, and Feed hygiene, National Veterinary Institute, Uppsala, Sweden
5Department of Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, 750 07 Uppsala, Sweden
6Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
7Greenland Center for Health Research, Ilisimatusarfik-University of Greenland, 3905 Nuuk, Greenland
8Department of Epidemiology Research, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
9Department of Philosophy and Sociology, Northern Arctic Federal University, 163002 Arkhangelsk, Russia
10School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
11Finnish Meteorological Institute, FIN-00101 Helsinki, Finland
12Department of Natural Sciences, Murmansk Arctic State University, 183038 Murmansk, Russia
13Várdduo, Centre for Sámi Research, Umeå University, 901 87 Umeå, Sweden
14Department of Epidemiology and Global Health, Umeå University, 901 87 Umeå, Sweden
15Central Research Institute of Epidemiology, 111123 Moscow, Russia
16Arctic Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oulu, FI-90014 Oulu, Finland
17Thule Institute, University of the Arctic, FI-90014 Oulu, Finland
18Institute of Economic Forecasting, Russian Academy of Science, 117418, Moscow, Russia
19Department of Mathematics and Mathematical Statistics, Umeå University, 901 87 Umeå, Sweden
20Laboratory of Zoonoses, St Petersburg Pasteur Institute, St Petersburg, Russia
21Department of Energy & Technology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences SLU, Uppsala, Sweden
22Faculty of Geography, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991 Moscow, Russia
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.2 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Cambridge University Press, 2021
Publish Date: 2022-01-14


Climate warming is occurring most rapidly in the Arctic, which is both a sentinel and a driver of further global change. Ecosystems and human societies are already affected by warming. Permafrost thaws and species are on the move, bringing pathogens and vectors to virgin areas. During a five-year project, the CLINF – a Nordic Center of Excellence, funded by the Nordic Council of Ministers, has worked with the One Health concept, integrating environmental data with human and animal disease data in predictive models and creating maps of dynamic processes affecting the spread of infectious diseases. It is shown that tularemia outbreaks can be predicted even at a regional level with a manageable level of uncertainty. To decrease uncertainty, rapid development of new and harmonised technologies and databases is needed from currently highly heterogeneous data sources. A major source of uncertainty for the future of contaminants and infectious diseases in the Arctic, however, is associated with which paths the majority of the globe chooses to follow in the future. Diplomacy is one of the most powerful tools Arctic nations have to influence these choices of other nations, supported by Arctic science and One Health approaches that recognise the interconnection between people, animals, plants and their shared environment at the local, regional, national and global levels as essential for achieving a sustainable development for both the Arctic and the globe.

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Series: Polar record
ISSN: 0032-2474
ISSN-E: 1475-3057
ISSN-L: 0032-2474
Volume: 57
Article number: e39
DOI: 10.1017/S0032247421000589
Type of Publication: A2 Review article in a scientific journal
Field of Science: 3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
1172 Environmental sciences
Funding: This research was funded by the NordForsk Centre of Excellence CLINF (grant number 76413).
Copyright information: © The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press. This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (, which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution and reproduction, provided the original article is properly cited.