University of Oulu

Sirpa Rasmus, Henri Wallen, Minna Turunen, Mia Landauer, Juho Tahkola, Mikko Jokinen, Sauli Laaksonen, Land-use and climate related drivers of change in the reindeer management system in Finland: Geography of perceptions, Applied Geography, Volume 134, 2021, 102501, ISSN 0143-6228,

Land-use and climate related drivers of change in the reindeer management system in Finland : geography of perceptions

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Author: Rasmus, Sirpa1,2; Wallen, Henri1,3; Turunen, Minna1;
Organizations: 1Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, P.O. Box 122, FI-96101, Rovaniemi, Finland
2Department of Biological and Environmental Science, University of Jyväskylä, University of Jyväskylä, P.O.Box 35, FI-40014, Finland
3Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Humanities, University of Oulu, P.O Box 8000, FI-90014, Oulu, Finland
4Risk and Resilience Program, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Schlossplatz 1, A-2361, Austria
5Reindeer Herders' Association, P.O. Box 8168, FI-96101, Rovaniemi, Finland
6Natural Resources Institute, Ounasjoentie 6, FI-96200, Rovaniemi, Finland
7Department of Veterinary Biosciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 66, FI-00014, Helsinki, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 9.3 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2021
Publish Date: 2022-01-17


Drivers of change in the reindeer management system are rather well-known. But when developing the governance to support the traditional livelihoods, it is crucial to understand also practitioner perceptions. Systematic research on these is lacking. We analyzed the land-use and climate related drivers within the reindeer management area (RMA) in Finland, and, using a perception geography approach, studied the herder perceptions towards these. We conducted an on-site questionnaire survey with herders from 51 herding districts. Factors directly affecting the welfare of reindeer were perceived as crucial by herders, for example basal icing affecting the forage availability, and land-use related factors limiting the seasonal pasture access. Perceptions of herders on biophysical factors were rather homogeneous. The regional heterogeneities in perceptions towards land-use related factors could be explained by spatial differences in land-use and varying herding traditions. Cumulative land-use impacts raised particular concerns. Our approach can be utilized in the co-planning of the northern land-use and more widely in the co-management of natural resources.

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Series: Applied geography
ISSN: 0143-6228
ISSN-E: 1873-7730
ISSN-L: 0143-6228
Volume: 134
Article number: 102501
DOI: 10.1016/j.apgeog.2021.102501
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 519 Social and economic geography
Funding: Financial support was provided by the Finnish Cultural Foundation (project “Gradual changes and abrupt crises - changing operational environment of Finnish reindeer herding”), Nordforsk (NCoE “Reindeer Husbandry in a Globalizing North – Resilience, Adaptations and Pathways for Actions”, project number 76915) and the Finnish Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAKERA/2016 “Reindeer health in the changing environment” and “Sustainable bioeconomy on reindeer pastures” projects).
Copyright information: © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (