University of Oulu

Jeronen E. (2022) Forest Stewardship Council. In: Idowu S., Schmidpeter R., Capaldi N., Zu L., Del Baldo M., Abreu R. (eds) Encyclopedia of Sustainable Management. Springer, Cham.

Forest stewardship council

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Author: Jeronen, Eila1,2,3
Organizations: 1Faculty of Education, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2Faculty of Educational Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
3Faculty of Education, University of Lapland, Rovaniemi, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: embargoed
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Springer Nature, 2022
Publish Date: 2023-12-18


Some timber traders as well as social and environmental non-governmental organizations (ENGOs) negotiated the establishment of the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) in San Francisco in 1991 (Cadman, 2011). Two years later, representatives from ten countries met in Toronto, Canada, for the founding meeting of the FSC. Finally, as a result of the intensive negotiations, the FSC was registered in 1994. It created a new model of a market-based protection instrument to promote responsible forest management and trade (WWF, 2014/2020). According to Pattberg (2005), the FSC is based on the principles of sustainable development. The standards of responsible forest management defined by the FSC make it possible to promote globally and nationally responsible forest management.

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ISBN: 978-3-030-02006-4
Volume: In press
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-02006-4_341-1
Host publication: Encyclopedia of sustainable management
Host publication editor: Idowu, Samuel
Schmidpeter, René
Capaldi, Nicholas
Zu, Liangrong
Del Baldo, Mara
Abreu, Rute
Type of Publication: A3 Book chapter
Field of Science: 516 Educational sciences
Copyright information: © Springer Nature. The final authenticated version is available online at