Zong-Xian Zhang, De-Feng Hou, Adeyemi Aladejare, Toochukwu Ozoji & Yang Qiao (2021) World mineral loss and possibility to increase ore recovery ratio in mining production, International Journal of Mining, Reclamation and Environment, 35:9, 670-691, DOI: 10.1080/17480930.2021.1949878
World mineral loss and possibility to increase ore recovery ratio in mining production
|Author:||Zhang, Zong-Xian1; Hou, De-Feng1; Aladejare, Adeyemi1;|
1Oulu Mining School, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
|Online Access:||PDF Full Text (PDF, 4.9 MB)|
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe202201209567
|Publish Date:|| 2022-01-20
Based on the data of global mineral production and ore recovery in mining and mineral processing, this paper presents the annual production of 25 minerals and calculates the annual losses of 20 minerals from the year 1920 to 2018. The results indicate that the annual production of 23 minerals has increased by between 1 and 930 times since 1920, similar to the increase in the GDP per capita since 1960. At the same time, a vast amount of minerals has been lost in mining and mineral processing since 1920. Hence, this paper discusses the possibility of increasing ore recovery ratio.
International journal of mining, reclamation and environment
|Pages:||670 - 691|
|Type of Publication:||
A1 Journal article – refereed
|Field of Science:||
218 Environmental engineering
212 Civil and construction engineering
This research was supported by University of Oulu. The second and fourth author are grateful to the China Scholarship Council (CSC) for the support to their visit to University of Oulu.
© 2021 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.