University of Oulu

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2021, 13, 59067−59075,

C₆₀Br₂₄/SWCNT : a highly sensitive medium to detect H₂S via inhomogeneous carrier doping

Saved in:
Author: Zhou, Jin1; Bagheri, Mohammad1; Järvinen, Topias1;
Organizations: 1Country Microelectronics Research Unit, Faculty of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering, University of Oulu, FIN-90014 Oulu, Finland
2Interdisciplinary Excellence Centre, Department of Applied and Environmental Chemistry, University of Szeged, H-6720 Szeged, Hungary
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 5.8 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: American Chemical Society, 2021
Publish Date: 2022-01-27


H₂S is a toxic and corrosive gas, whose accurate detection at sub-ppm concentrations is of high practical importance in environmental, industrial, and health safety applications. Herein, we propose a chemiresistive sensor device that applies a composite of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) and brominated fullerene (C₆₀Br₂₄) as a sensing component, which is capable of detecting 50 ppb H₂S even at room temperature with an excellent response of 1.75% in a selective manner. In contrast, a poor gas response of pristine C₆₀-based composites was found in control measurements. The experimental results are complemented by density functional theory calculations showing that C₆₀Br₂₄ in contact with SWCNTs induces localized hole doping in the nanotubes, which is increased further when H₂S adsorbs on C₆₀Br₂₄ but decreases in the regions, where direct adsorption of H₂S on the nanotubes takes place due to electron doping from the analyte. Accordingly, the heterogeneous chemical environment in the composite results in spatial fluctuations of hole density upon gas adsorption, hence influencing carrier transport and thus giving rise to chemiresistive sensing.

see all

Series: ACS applied materials & interfaces
ISSN: 1944-8244
ISSN-E: 1944-8252
ISSN-L: 1944-8244
Volume: 13
Issue: 49
Pages: 59067 - 59075
DOI: 10.1021/acsami.1c16807
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 216 Materials engineering
221 Nanotechnology
Copyright information: © 2021 The Authors. Published by American Chemical Society. Published under a Creative Commons Attribution License.