University of Oulu

Scand J Caring Sci; 2021; 35: 742– 752 Lower parental socioeconomic status in childhood and adolescence predicts unhealthy health behaviour patterns in adolescence in Northern Finland

Lower parental socioeconomic status in childhood and adolescence predicts unhealthy health behaviour patterns in adolescence in Northern Finland

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Author: Marttila-Tornio, Kaisa1,2; Männikkö, Niko1,3; Ruotsalainen, Heidi1,3;
Organizations: 1Research Unit of Nursing Science and Health Management, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2University Hospital of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
3Department of Social Services and Rehabilitation, Oulu University of Applied Sciences, Oulu, Finland
4Center for Life Course Health Research, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.3 MB)
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2022020317510
Language: English
Published: John Wiley & Sons, 2021
Publish Date: 2022-02-03
Description:

Abstract

Objectives: To determine the association between parental socioeconomic status in childhood and adolescence and unhealthy health behaviour patterns among adolescents in Northern Finland.

Methods: The sample, drawn from the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986 Study, consisted of 15- to 16-year-old adolescents (n = 4305). Data on socioeconomic status and health behaviours were based on questionnaires collected from cohort members and their parents during the former’s childhood and adolescence. Logistic regression served to assess the association.

Results: Controlling for all other factors in the model, several socioeconomic factors were found to be significant predictors of unhealthy health behaviour patterns. In childhood, father’s low and medium education for boys, and mother’s low or medium education as well as fathers’ unemployment for girls predicted greater likelihood of engaging in unhealthy behaviour patterns. For both genders, having a stay-at-home mother in childhood (and for boys also in adolescence) protected from unhealthy health behaviour patterns. For boys, mother’s and for girls, fathers’ low occupational education in adolescence increased the risk of developing unhealthy patterns.

Conclusions: In the development of effective health prevention strategies, it is important to identify children and adolescents who are at risk of developing lifestyle diseases.

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Series: Scandinavian journal of caring sciences
ISSN: 0283-9318
ISSN-E: 1471-6712
ISSN-L: 0283-9318
Volume: 35
Issue: 3
Pages: 742 - 752
DOI: 10.1111/scs.12888
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.1111/scs.12888
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 316 Nursing
Subjects:
Funding: Financial support was received for this study from a Juho Vainio Foundation.
Copyright information: © 2020 Nordic College of Caring Science. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Scand J Caring Sci; 2021; 35: 742– 752 Lower parental socioeconomic status in childhood and adolescence predicts unhealthy health behaviour patterns in adolescence in Northern Finland, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/scs.12888. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.