University of Oulu

Iivari, Juhani (2021) "A framework for paradoxical tensions of project management," International Journal of Information Systems and Project Management: Vol. 9 : No. 1 , Article 2. Available at:

A framework for paradoxical tensions of project management

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Author: Iivari, Juhani1
Organizations: 1University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.5 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Scika, 2021
Publish Date: 2022-02-08


Research into organizations has concluded that organizational effectiveness is paradoxical, i.e., effective organizations have attributes that are simultaneously contradictory, even mutually exclusive. Although projects are temporary organizations, the paradox lens has largely been omitted in their context. This paper is an attempt to rectify the situation. It introduces a framework of eleven paradoxical tensions, concerning priority, structure, and execution of projects, wishing that it would encourage future research on paradoxical tensions of project management.

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Series: International journal of information systems and project management
ISSN: 2182-7796
ISSN-E: 2182-7788
ISSN-L: 2182-7796
Volume: 9
Issue: 1
Pages: 5 - 35
DOI: 10.12821/ijispm090101
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 113 Computer and information sciences
Copyright information: © 2021, SciKA. The final authenticated version is available online at General permission to republish in print or electronic forms, but not for profit , all or part of this material is granted, provided that the International Journal of Information Systems and Project Management copyright notice is given and that reference made to the publication, to its date of issue, and to the fact that reprinting privileges were granted by permission of SciKA - Association for Promotion and Dissemination of Scientific Knowledge.