University of Oulu

Seitsonen, Oula, Égüez, Natalia (2021) Here be reindeer : geoarchaeological approaches to the transspecies lifeworlds of the Sámi reindeer herder camps on the tundra. Iskos 24, 124-145. https://journal.fi/iskos/article/view/113056

Here be reindeer : geoarchaeological approaches to the transspecies lifeworlds of the Sámi reindeer herder camps on the tundra

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Author: Seitsonen, Oula1; Égüez, Natalia2
Organizations: 1Archaeology, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2AMBI Lab, Instituto Universitario de Bio-Orgánica Antonio González. Universidad de La Laguna, 38206 Tenerife, Spain
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.6 MB)
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2022021018509
Language: English
Published: Suomen muinaismuistoyhdistys, 2021
Publish Date: 2022-02-10
Description:

Abstract

In this paper we present ongoing geoarchaeological research of Sámi reindeer pastoralist campsites. The discussion is based on three case study sites situated at the Lake Gilbbesjávri region (Finland) in northern Sápmi. All the sites are historical-period reindeer herder camps, likely used as temporary summer encampments by the nomadic herders in the 17th–19th centuries. The sites were prospected with systematic soil sampling and geoarchaeological analyses, which have been previously successfully applied in the study of Sámi habitation sites on both intrasite and intra-dwelling levels. The changes in the soil phosphate, pH and electric conductivity values were analysed and interpreted based on ethnographic analogies. These allow insight into the outwardly invisible taskscapes and spatialities of the herders and their animals at the campsites. The different geoarchaeological factors highlight differing aspects of the use of space at the historical Sámi reindeer pastoralist campsites, such as potential reindeer corralling areas, and provide comparative material for the analyses of prehistoric Sámi hunter-gatherer-herder sites.

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Series: Iskos
ISSN: 0355-3108
ISSN-L: 0355-3108
Volume: 24
Pages: 124 - 145
Type of Publication: A3 Book chapter
Field of Science: 615 History and archaeology
Subjects:
Funding: This research is part of the project Domestication in Action (Academy of Finland grant 308322; European Research Council grant 2017 756431).
EU Grant Number: (756431) DOMESTICATION - Domestication in Action - Tracing Archaeological Markers of Human-Animal Interaction
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 308322
Detailed Information: 308322 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © 2021 The Authors and Iskos.