University of Oulu

T. Nguyen, R. Katila and T. N. Gia, "A Novel Internet-of-Drones and Blockchain-based System Architecture for Search and Rescue," 2021 IEEE 18th International Conference on Mobile Ad Hoc and Smart Systems (MASS), 2021, pp. 278-288, doi: 10.1109/MASS52906.2021.00044

A novel Internet-of-Drones and blockchain-based system architecture for search and rescue

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Author: Nguyen, Tri1; Katila, Risto2; Gia, Tuan Nguyen2
Organizations: 1Center for Ubiquitous Computing, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2Department of Computing, University of Turku, Turku, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 16.4 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2021
Publish Date: 2022-02-16


With the development in information and communications technology (ICT) and drones such as Internet-of-Things (IoT), edge computing, image processing, and autonomous drones, solutions supporting search and rescue (SAR) missions can be developed with more intelligent capabilities. In most of the drone and unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) based systems supporting SAR missions, several drones deployed in different areas acquire images and videos that are sent to a ground control station (GCS) for processing and detecting a missing person. Although this offers many advantages, such as easy management and deployment, the approach still has many limitations. For example, when a connection between a drone and a GCS has some problems, the quality of service cannot be maintained. Many drone and UAV-based systems do not support flexibility, transparency, security, and traceability. In this paper, we propose a novel Internet-of-Drones (IoD) architecture using blockchain technology. We implement the proposed architecture with different drones, edge servers, and a Hyperledger blockchain network. The proof-of-concept design demonstrates that the proposed architecture can offer high-level services such as prolonging the operating time of a drone, improving the capability of detecting humans accurately, and a high level of transparency, traceability, and security.

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Series: IEEE International Conference on Mobile Ad-hoc and Sensor Systems
ISSN: 2155-6806
ISSN-E: 2155-6814
ISSN-L: 2155-6806
ISBN: 978-1-6654-4935-9
ISBN Print: 978-1-6654-4936-6
Pages: 278 - 288
DOI: 10.1109/MASS52906.2021.00044
Host publication: 2021 IEEE 18th International Conference on Mobile Ad Hoc and Smart Systems (MASS)
Conference: International Conference on Mobile Ad Hoc and Smart Systems
Type of Publication: A4 Article in conference proceedings
Field of Science: 113 Computer and information sciences
Funding: Mr. Tri Nguyen is supported by TrustedMaaS project by the Infotech institute of the University of Oulu and the Academy of Finland 6Genesis Flagship (grant 318927).
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 318927
Detailed Information: 318927 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
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